December 2013 One of the most intense months of the year! Mars entered Libra on December 7th to trigger the Uranus-Pluto
waxing square. In fact as Uranus stations direct on Dec. 17th with the Full Moon and then on the Winter Solstice Dec. 21st Venus stations to move retrograde in Capricorn - A Massive Cardinal Cross develops into 2014 Ths will mean severe cold weather in the Northern Hemisphere, more Volcanic Eruptions and devastationg earthquakes.
The month begins with a wild new moon in Sagittarius on December 2, 2013 @ 4:22 PM Pacific Time or on December 3, 2013 @ 12:22 AM Universal Time
this was a major harbinger for intense cold weather - read my blog entry : Killer Freeze and Ice Storm Hits Hard with the New Moon - An Astrological View The next Full Moon occurs on December 17th. @ 1:28 AM Pacific and 4:28 AM Eastern Time then Uranus stations direct in Aries
Sudden storms, earthquakes and more volcanic activity follows heading toward the Winter Solstice for the Northern Hemisphere @ 9:11 AM Pacific
December 10, 2013 . Quake, Volcano and Weather Reports/Flash Updates
The Moon enters Fire Sign Aries and all hell breaks loose There are shockers arriving quickly with the ruler of the Aries Moon, Mars nowLibra to oppose Uranus and Weather Anamolies reflect Mercury trine Uranus (planet of record breaking) Seismic Activity Intensifies! Volcanic Activity High! Severe weather also reflects the Sun-Neptune square (exact Nov. 25th.) WILD WEATHER CONTINUES. We saw with the Full Moon on Nov.17th. , how the Taurus transits formed oppositions to the Scorpio Grouping adding extreme to the already Severe Weather Events Plus with the active Grand Earth Trine including Mars in Virgo/Venus and Pluto Capricorn/Moon-S. Node in Taurus seismic activity will be off the charts in some areas. . Mercury shifted into Sagittarius (Dec. 3rd.) and Mars entered Librfa on Dec. 7th. while Mars and Mercury continue in alignment even after they both changes signs - EXTREME WEATHER DOMINATES.
December 1st. - Heavy torrential rain spurs landslide, killing 9 in Indonesia
December 8th. three sudden quakes hit East of Hoback, Wyoming
23km E of Hoback, Wyoming
2013-12-08 10:15:03 UTC-08:005.0 km
14km ESE of Hoback, Wyoming
2013-12-08 10:08:08 UTC-08:005.0 km
14km ESE of Hoback, Wyoming
2013-12-08 09:40:54 UTC-08:005.0 k
December UPDATES - Quake, Volcano and Weather News for December 2013.
Update: December 10, 2013: BYU geologists discover ‘supervolcano’ in Utah: past eruption superseded Yellowstone UTAH – Geologists at Brigham Young University have discovered what may be the world’s largest “supervolcano” that erupted in Utah’s own backyard. While there are a variety of volcanoes that blast away in different ways, super volcanic eruptions are the biggest that collapse into large calderas. Yellowstone Park is the remains of one of those calderas, and it’s still very much alive and active. But, geologists think they may have found an equally as big, if not bigger super volcano, one that shook up western Utah and eastern Nevada 30 million years ago. The eruption is hardly visible to the naked eye now, but underneath and in surrounding formations, the evidence was waiting to be uncovered. “As far as we know, the Wah Wah Springs eruption is the largest known explosive volcanic eruption,” said BYU professor of geology Eric Christiansen. The eruption and collapse of the super volcano released almost 6,000 square kilometers of magma.
“It moved over a flat landscape covering 12,000 square miles in western Utah and eastern Nevada. It would have been unimaginable devastation,” said Emeritus BYU geology professor Myron Best. The magma flow extended beyond current-day Panguitch and north almost to Delta and south almost to St. George. As the ash was caught up in the jet stream, it carried as far as Nebraska. “The magma is erupting explosively as the flow spreads across the landscape,” Best said. Compared to Mt. St Helens — which is a different kind of volcano — Utah’s super volcano was 5,000 times larger. Deposits left behind in southern Utah from the single eruption are 13,000 feet thick. Thousands of rock samples collected over 30 years currently reside inside a repository at BYU with drawers extending from floor to ceiling. 600 students, 30 summers of field work and a lot of geologic mapping and analysis were utilized to confirm the existence of Utah’s super volcano. However, unlike Yellowstone which is still an active caldera, Utah and Nevada’s shared super volcano will unlikely ever erupt again, according to geologists.
Update: December 10, 2013:Indonesia’s Sinabung volcano shaken by large eruption, ejects ash plume to 38,000 ft (12 km) altitude After a relatively calm period, a large vulcanian explosion occurred at the volcano this morning (04:30 GMT). VAAC Darwin reports an ash plume to 38,000 ft (12 km) altitude drifting 50 nautical miles to the NW.
The eruption was preceded by a smaller one at midnight (GMT) with an ash plume altitude of estimated 18,000 ft (5.5 km).
The volcano has been on red alert for 2 weeks and more than 17,000 people remain evacuated (for good reason!).
Update: December 10, 2013:COLDEST TEMP EVER RECORDED -135.8°F or -94.7C ANTARCTICA – NASA announced the discovery of the coldest place on Earth after examining global surface temperature data collected over a period of 32 years by remote sensing satellites including the new Landsat 8. The coldest spot identified is a high ridge located on the East Antarctic Plateau where the temperatures drop below -133.6 degree Fahrenheit during winters. This new record temperature on the icy plateau was set on Aug.10, 2010. The research team was led by Ted Scambos, lead scientist at the National Snow and Ice Data Center in Boulder, Colo., who discovered that the temperatures dropped to a record of low, several times, in clusters of pockets near an ice ridge located between Dome Argus and Dome Fuji, two ice summits on the East Antarctica Plateau. “We had a suspicion this Antarctic ridge was likely to be extremely cold, and colder than Vostok because it’s higher up the hill,” Scambos said in a statement. “With the launch of Landsat 8, we finally had a sensor capable of really investigating this area in more detail.” The new record is in fact several degrees colder than the previous low of -128.6 Fahrenheit that was set at the Russian Vostok Research Station in East Antarctica in 1983.
Scientists discovered this coldest spot on Earth while studying the large snow dunes formed by winds blowing across the East Antarctic Plateau. On a closer look they spotted cracks present in the snow surface between the dunes that most likely form when the temperatures during the winter fall so low that the snow layer present on the top shrinks. This ignited a curiosity in the scientists to estimate the range of temperatures and pushed them to look for coldest places on Earth using two kinds of satellite sensors. “The record-breaking conditions seem to happen when a wind pattern or an atmospheric pressure gradient tries to move the air back uphill, pushing against the air that was sliding down,” Scambos said. “This allows the air in the low hollows to remain there longer and cool even further under the clear, extremely dry sky conditions,” Scambos said. “When the cold air lingers in these pockets it reaches ultra-low temperatures.” The two sensitive instruments namely, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra and Aqua satellites and the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) on the NOAA satellite have the capacity to identify the thermal radiation that is emitted from the surface of the Earth, even in those regions that lack heat. -SWR
Update: December 8, 2013:Indonesia’s Mount Marapi erupts, ejects 350 m ash cloud The Volcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation Center (PVMBG) Bukittinggi reported that Mount Marapi, which lies between Tanah Datar and Agam regencies, West Sumatra, erupted at 10:10 a.m., on Sunday.
“The volcano's eruption spewed a column of thick, gray ash 350 meters high,” PVMBG official Warseno said on Sunday as quoted by Antara news agency.
Mt. Marapi’s alert level has been maintained at waspada or caution (level 2).
The PVMBG have said it is not safe to be within 3 kilometers of the activity.
Increased volcanic activity was noted on Aug. 3, 2011 with an eruption and a volcanic ash cloud that covered several areas, including Agam, Padang Panjang, Padang Pariaman and Tanah Datar.
Mt. Marapi, which is located near to the twin volcanos of Mount Singgalang and Mount Tandikek, is a popular climbing destination, particularity during December as scores of climbers flock to its accessible peak to see in the New Year.
Marapi Wildlife Reserve is an administrative area around the volcano that is managed by the West Sumatra administration for the purposes of conservation in the province.(ebf)
Update: December 8, 2013:Kamachatka’s Klyuchevskoi volcano spews out 6 km high ash cloud PETROPAVLOVSK-KAMCHATSKY, December 7 (RIA Novosti) – The highest active volcano in Russia has thrown out an enormous ash cloud up to six kilometers high, the Emergency Services Ministry said Saturday.
The Klyuchevskoi volcano in the tectonically active Kamchatka region in Russia’s Far East has been erupting sporadically since August.
“We have observed the latest ash eruption from the Klyuchevskoi volcano,” the local branch of the Emergency Services Ministry said in a statement. “The ash cloud is moving in a north-east direction.”
The highest mountain in the Kamchataka region, Klyuchevskoi has erupted in 2005, 2008, 2010 and 2012, spewing out lava and ash over the surrounding area.
The Emergency Services Ministry said in the statement that a red aviation warning was in place around Klyuchevskoi and cautioned tour companies not to take tourists near the volcano.
Update: December 6, 2013: Strombolian eruptions and lava flow reported at Mexico’s Colima volcano December 5, 2013 – MEXICO – Activity remains elevated. Strombolian-type explosions and lava flows / glowing lava avalanches on the upper slope continue. Colima is one of the most active volcanoes in Mexico and in North America. It has erupted more than 40 times since 1576. One of the largest eruptions was on January 20–24, 1913. Nevado de Colima, also known as Tzapotépetl, lies 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) north its more active neighbor and is the taller of the two at 4,271+ meters (14,015+ ft). It is the 26th most prominent peak in North America. Prior to 2013, Colima had been relatively quiet since its last major eruption in 2008.
Update: December 6, 2013: Volcanic ash reveals rapid Ice Age climate change CLIMATE – Regional climate changes can be very rapid. A German-British team of geoscientists now reports that such a rapid climate change occurred in different regions with a time difference of 120 years. Investigation in the West German Eifel region and in southern Norway demonstrated that at the end of the last glaciations about 12,240 years before present climate became warmer, first recognized in the Eifel region and 120 years later in southern Norway. Nonetheless, the warming was equally rapid in both regions. The team around Christine Lane (Oxford University) and Achim Brauer from the GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences reports in the latest volume of “Geology” (vol 41, no 12, p. 1251–1254) that within the younger Dryas, the last about 1100-year long cold phase at the end of the last ice age, a rapid warming first was measured in the Eifel region. Sediment cores from the Meerfelder Maar lake depict a typical deposition pattern, which was also found in the sediments of Lake Krakenes in southern Norway, but with a time lag of 120 years.
But how did the researcher reveal such a accurate time marking? “12 140 years ago a major eruption of the Katla volcano occurred on Iceland” explains Achim Brauer. “The volcanic ash was distributed by strong winds over large parts of northern and central Europe and we can find them with new technologies as tiny ash particles in the sediment deposits of lakes. Through counting of annual bands in these sediments we could precisely determine the age of this volcanic ash.” Therefore, this ash material reflects a distinct time marker in the sediments of the lakes in the Eifel and in Norway. –Climate Science
Update: December 4, 2013: Ancient Roman tunnels could cause dangerous sinkholes Unbeknownst to many of the tourists who pace the ancient streets of Rome, below their feet lies a tangle of quarry tunnels, cut by the first Romans who built the city. But now those tunnels, carefully hewn by the original engineers, have become safety hazards that threaten to undermine modern roads and buildings.
According to a report from LiveScience, the threat isn't just academic. In recent years, dozens of collapses have been documented, and the number is rising. In 2011, 44 streets or portions of buildings fell into the quarries. In 2012, the number rose to 77. And so far in 2013, there have been 83 incidents. Now, scientists are trying to find the areas of weakness and prevent future disasters.
"What the municipality wants to do is to basically have a map of the risk so at that point they can on their side decide what kind of intervention needs to be done," geologist Giuseppina Kysar Mattietti, of George Mason University, told LiveScience.
Together with scientists from the Roman preservationist organization Sotterranei di Roma, Kysar Mattietti is using 3D scanning to map the labyrinth of tunnels.The quarries exist because of Rome's geology, Kysar Mattietti told LiveScience. The Italian landscape was shaped by volcanos, and still is. Its most active volcano, Mt. Etna in Sicily, has erupted numerous times in recent months. When early masons discovered volcanic rocks underneath the capital of the Roman empire, they found them to be lightweight and sturdy. The rocks were dug up in long narrow lines outside of the city. As Rome stretched into the suburbs, designers were careful to cut narrow enough that the tunnels wouldn't compromise above-ground structures.
But erosion set in, and future builders weren't as careful with the quarries, cutting them wider and less stable than their predecessors, Kysar Mattietti said. "A crack never stops on its own," she told LiveScience. "It always gets bigger." Other research from the Sapienza University of Rome finds that the Roman sinkholes have been caused by other underground cavities built not just as quarries, but for drainage and catacombs over the last 2,000 years. "The presence of these cavities may easily trigger the collapse of the shallow or deeper layers from ground level," Giancarlo Ciatoli writes in the abstract. Ciatoli says additional factors, including runoff caused by rainfall and loose soil, have also led to the sinkholes. He reports there have been at least 1,800 collapses between 1875 and 2011.
River flowing through Slovakian village turns blood red
Superstitious locals say the colour of the river is a sign of 'evil'
Possibly caused by faulty filter at nearby slaughterhouse
Rumours were rife in a Slovakian town this week when a river running through turned bright red.
The river in Myjava, a small municipality on the border to the Czech Republic, had changed colour over night and turned into 'blood'.
Police have been called in to investigate the matter, but it is believed to be a faulty filtering system from a slaughterhouse upstream.
Roman Podbrezova, 65, had gone for a morning walk when he saw the drastic change to the river which runs through the centre of the town.
‘I just could not believe my eyes,’ he said. ‘The river was dark red. It was like something from a horror film. Blood cascading through the centre of town.’
Earth’s Gravity Altered By 2011 Japanese Earthquake December 4, 2013 – TOKYO - Japan’s devastating earthquake in 2011 left its mark on more than the town of Fukushima. The European Space Agency (ESA) says that it had an impact on Earth’s gravity as well. Scientists used data from ESA’s GOCE satellite to show the effects of the 9.0 earthquake that struck east of Japan’s Honshu Island on March 11, 2011. The strength of gravity varies from place to place on Earth, and earthquakes can deform our planet’s crust and cause tiny changes in local gravity. GOCE spent four years mapping out Earth’s gravity with unrivaled precision. One reason values of gravity differ on Earth is because the materials within Earth are inhomogenous and are unevenly distributed. Since earthquakes shift around rock and other material tens of miles below the surface, they cause small changes in the local gravity. Earthquakes under oceans can also change the shape of the sea bed, displacing water and changing the sea level. GOCE data is helping scientists understand how oceans transport huge quantities of heat around the planet and develop a global height reference system. Earlier this year, the satellite’s accelerometer and ion thrusters revealed GOCE had “felt” sound waves in space from the Japanese quake. Scientists from the German Geodetic Research Institute (DGFI) and from Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands analyzed the high-resolution vertical gravity gradients measured over Japan by GOCE. The team found the quake had clearly ruptured the gravity field in the area. The latest research marks the first example that GOCE was able to find changes over time. The gravity change measured by GOCE differs in size and location, compared to those predicted by standard models.
The results, published in the Journal of Geophysical Research, are consistent with coarser observations using NASA’s Grace satellite, which measures changes over time. This suggests GOCE data will be important in improving models and it will help contribute to understanding earthquakes. “Thus, we see that GOCE gravity gradients complement other types of data such as seismic, GPS and GRACE satellite gravimetry,” Martin Fuchs, from DGFI and lead author of the study, said in a statement. “We are now working in an interdisciplinary team to combine GOCE data with other information to obtain a better picture of the actual rupture in the gravity field than is currently available.” GOCE ran out of fuel earlier this year and reentered Earth’s atmosphere, largely disintegrating in the process. The satellite more than doubled its planned life in orbit, and its data will continue to be used by scientists for years to come to help understand our planet a little better. –Red Orbit
Update: December 3, 2013: Nishino-Shima volcano (Izu Islands, Japan): new island continues to grow and builds lava plateau The new island continues to erupt and grow, increasing its chances of long-time survival by the day. The active vent on the islet continues to be in strombolian eruption and has by now built a new cone that is higher than the main island itself (which is 38 m).
Lava flows have significantly enlarged the island to the SE where a plateau is being built. During the 10 days, it has more than doubled its surface.
Update: December 3, 2013: Kamchatka’s Shiveluch volcano spews ash cloud 9 km high December 3, 2013 – KAMCHATKA – The Shiveluch Volcano erupting in Kamchatka has spewed ash nine kilometers high, the Kamchatkan territorial emergency situations department reported on Tuesday. No ashfall has been reported from towns nearby. “The volcanic event occurred on Tuesday afternoon. The ash cloud stretched northwest, bypassing populated areas,” the report said. There was no drifting ashfall over nearby towns. Nevertheless, rescuers advised tour operators to avoid paths around the volcano, for which a red alert has been issued. Shiveluch is the northernmost active volcano of Kamchatka situated 45 kilometers away from the town of Klyuchi in the Ust-Kamchatsky district with a population of approximately 5,000. It is also one of the largest Kamchatkan volcanoes. Shiveluch became active in May 2009 after producing a fissure that is almost 30 meters deep in its dome
Update: December 3, 2013: Rare weather event fills Grand Canyon with fog Usually the Grand Canyon offers stunning views stretching for miles, deep into valleys etched by the Colorado River. But that vista has changed over the past few days, as a rare weather event has filled the canyon with fog, offering an even more stunning view than is typical.
The weather event is known as a temperature inversion, and it only happens every few years, according to the National Park Service, who wrote about the event and posted photos of it on its Facebook page.
Temperature inversions typically happen in the winter when there are long nights, and as the name implies, an inversion takes place when a layer of cool air gets trapped underneath warmer air, according to the National Weather Service (NWS). This is the reverse of the usual pattern, with temperature generally decreasing with increasing altitude.
"Once the sun goes down, the ground loses heat very quickly, and this cools the air that is in contact with the ground," the NWS explained. "However, since air is a very poor conductor of heat, the air just above the surface remains warm. Conditions that favor the development of a strong surface inversion are calm winds, clear skies, and long nights," which is exactly what's taking place in the Grand Canyon now, according to weather reports.
Update: December 3, 2013: Severe weather to hit the Mediterranean December 3: Some maps of the severe winter storm which could hit northern Germany two days ahead see comment section. Don't have much time at present, unfortunately ....
Well, as the weather in the Mediterranean keeps on to be very exciting, I'd like to save my posts from today in the main blog (December, 1) here (and as I've spent hiking vacations as well in Southern Italy/Puglia as in Sicily/near Taormina I'm personally very fond of these regions affected):
Lots of snow (record?) of more than 1 meter (3 feet) in the mountainous region of the Abbruzzo (mid Italy, Adriatic coast).
Update: December 2, 2013:Shallow moderate earthquakes near Gilroy, California Update 10:28 UTC : ER expects this earthquake to be just below the minor damage level, but if anyone of our readers should notice even small damage like cracks in walls or find out from other people, please let us know.
USGS expects only weak to very weak shaking.
A double earthquake struck the Gilroy, California area. The first one being a M2.5 will have been hardly felt by the people, but the second (30 minutes later) M3.7 more as many people were waken up because of it.
Most important Earthquake Data:
Magnitude : 3.7
Local Time (conversion only below land) : 2013-12-02 02:05:22
GMT/UTC Time : 2013-12-02 10:05:22
Depth (Hypocenter) : 6.8 km
Update: December 2, 2013:Connecticut rattled by two small earthquake tremors – CONNECTICUT - Two organizations that track seismic activity have confirmed that the region experienced an earthquake on Friday, answering questions raised about the mysterious booms heard by residents from Montville to Mystic. The U.S. Geographical Survey recorded a 2.1 magnitude earthquake at 9:05 a.m. Friday that was centered about 2 miles east of Conning Towers-Nautilus Park, or 41.383°N 72.028°W in Groton. The Weston Observatory, an earthquake research arm of Boston College, reported two earthquakes, one at 9:05 a.m. and another at 9:42 a.m., said Justin Starr, a research assistant. The quakes, Starr said, were recorded somewhere in the area of the Thames River, close to Ledyard. He said seismometers recorded both quakes as magnitude 1.8. He said there are several ways to measure the earth’s movement and the discrepancy in the magnitude recorded by the U.S.G.S. is not uncommon. The noises produced by the earthquakes led to numerous calls to local police and fire departments, which searched the area looking for signs of an explosion. After she said her home in Old Mystic shook, Nancy Peta had guessed it was either an earthquake or a plane crash.
Update: December 1, 2013: Heavy torrential rain spurs landslide, killing 9 in Indonesia KARO, Indonesia (AP) A disaster agency official says a landslide triggered by torrential rain near a rumbling volcano in western Indonesia has killed at least nine people. Sutopo Purwo Nugroho from Indonesia’s disaster mitigation agency says several houses were buried when mud gushed down surrounding hills late Saturday in Gundaling village. It’s about 12 kilometers (7.4 miles) east of Mount Sinabung in North Sumatra province. He said the bodies of a mother and her 2-year-old son were retrieved from a mound of mud late Saturday. Six victims were found early Sunday, followed by the body of a 10-year-old boy drifting in a river. Seasonal downpours cause dozens of landslides and flash floods each year in Indonesia, a chain of 17,000 islands where millions of people live in mountainous areas or fertile flood plains.
November 2013 In alignment with the 4th. passage of the Uranus-Pluto waxing squares expect major seismic and volcanic events to occur along with severe weather
On Nov. 1st Uranus-Pluto are in an exact 90 degree angle @ 4:13 AM PDT or 7:13 AM EDT reflecting tumultous conditions in both the socio-political realm and the natural world involving geological disasters. Then on November 3rd. @ 4:50 AM PT or 7:50 AM ET an unusual Hybrid Solar Eclipse occurs. This is a New Moon in Scorpio where Mercury-N. Node-Saturn along with the Sun-Moon are aligned in transformative and sometimes devastating Scorpio. Hybrid eclipses are comparatively rare since they include points on the surface of Earth where the Sun appears as a total eclipse, whereas at other points it appears
as a "Partial Eclipse"
Totality of this eclipse will be visible from the northern Atlantic Ocean (east of Florida) to Africa (Gabon (landfall), R. Congo, DR Congo, Uganda), with a sharot maximum of 1 minute and 39 seconds visible from the Atlantic Ocean south of Ivory Coast and Ghana. Watch the Canary Islands and those locations on African continent for signals of tectonic activity. Then on
November 17th. @ 7:16 AM PT/10:16 AM ET a powerful Full Moon in Taurus occurs @ 25 degrees 26 minutes near the demon star Algol.
Besides wild weather, seismic gyrations continued with the Uranus-Pluto square in Aries-Capricorn Of course still feel the effects from
the Powerful Full Moon Lunar Eclipse on October 18th. as Major Seismic and Volcanic Events increase. The ongoing Pluto waxing square with Uranus sets the stage and is exact again on Nov. 1, 2013. .
A Major Solar Eclipse occurred on Nov. 3rd. @ 4:50 AM PT/7:50 AM ET Then on November 17th a Full Frosty Moon occurs @ 7:16 AM Pacific.
Current Quake, Volcano and Weather News-Detailed
November UPDATES - Quake, Volcano and Weather News for November 2013.
Update: November 30, 2013: Very Strong magnitude 6.4 earthquake in the Banda Sea, Indonesia Epicenter at a relatively safe distance from Palau Damar (or Damar Island) and further away a lot more islands.
The Magnitude will normally not be enough to generate a tsunami but strong currents and small waves are always possible.
The depth of the hypocenter is reported by local BMKG at 40 km which is another reason not to worry about this earthquake.
BMKG reports a Magnitude of 6.7 (very strong).
As about the tsunami risk. People living near the shore of Indonesian islands are mostly auto-evacuate if strong shaking goes on for some time.
Update: November 30, 2013: Strong dangerous earthquake near Bikule and Mukingiti (Lubutu area), Democratic Republic of the Congo This is a very dangerous earthquake basically because of the combination Magnitude and shallow Depth.
The epicenter is located in the eastern volcanic area of the DR Congo. M5.4 for a shallow quake is damaging level in this area of the world. As the distance to major towns is rather big (also to Rwanda and Burundi), the earthquake may not have been felt so far (no mentions from this otherwise very communicative area). Smaller villages and settlements (Like Bikule and Mukingiti, only a few km from the epicenter are however at risk.
The epicenter is also Gorilla nature area (Maiko National Park) and has a number of dormant volcanoes in the area. More to the east are some active volcanoes. This is also a location where rebels are fighting the army, this already for many years and with very cruel atrocities going on (HRW reports). Even if some damage has been inflicted, we will probably never know it, as the area is highly unsafe with almost no press present. We will however scan reports from the area to get some more information, eventually from environmentalists and conservationists (gorillas).
Update: November 29, 2013: At least 8 dead, dozens hurt, in quake in southern Iran Tehran, Iran (CNN) -- An earthquake shook southern Iran Thursday evening near a nuclear power plant, killing at least eight people and injuring 59 more, the semi-official Fars News Agency reported.
Twelve of the injured were in critical condition, Fars said, citing Hassan Qadami, the head of Iran's Crisis-Management Headquarters.
The U.S. Geological Survey said the 5.6-magnitude quake was centered about 39 miles (63 km) northeast of the Persian Gulf city of Bushehr, where the nuclear plant is located, and 7 miles (14 km) northeast of Borazjan.
The quake struck at a relatively shallow -- and therefore more likely to be damaging -- depth of 10.2 miles (16.4 km) at 5:21 p.m. local time. A reporter for the state-run Islamic Republic News Agency in Borazjan said residential buildings were damaged and electricity was disrupted to several areas, including sections of Borazjan.
The city is in Bushehr province, which is the site of a nuclear power plant that went online in 2011. There was no immediate report of how the plant fared in Thursday's temblor.
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said he was "deeply saddened" to hear of the casualties and expressed condolences to the victims' families.
A 6.3-magnitude earthquake in May killed 39 people and injured 850 in Bushehr province, but the reactor was not affected, it said.
Update: November 28, 2013:Two moderate earthquakes strike along dangerous fault under Sea of Marmara November 28, 2013 – TURKEY - The Sea of Marmara was shaken by two moderate earthquakes on Wednesday morning. According to a statement made by the Prime Ministry’s Disaster and Emergency Management Directorate (AFAD), an earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 4.7 struck Marmara Ereglisi, near the city of Tekirdag at 6:21 a.m. and the same region was soon after hit by another quake with a magnitude of 4.1. The statement added that earthquakes are observed 24/7 in the region and that the epicenter of Wednesday morning’s quake was 20 kilometers off of Marmara’s Ereglisi coast. There have not been any casualties reported in the quakes. “In 1999, a 7.4 magnitude earthquake along the North Anatolian fault killed some 30,000 people in western Turkey. There is some evidence that another segment closer to the densely populated city of Istanbul could be next to rupture, which could create worse devastation. In 2010, a team of Turkish, American and French scientists were on a Turkish research ship in the Sea of Marmara to image the faults and its overlying sediments to better assess the risk. The historic pattern suggests that the next quake should strike just south of Istanbul, beneath the Sea of Marmara. Here, the North Anatolian fault splinters into multiple fault strands, which created the depression that houses the present-day sea.” -World Bulletin, Columbia University Blog
Update: November 27, 2013:New explosive eruptions reported at Japan’s Suwanose-jima volcano Wednesday, Nov 27, 2013
Suwanose-jima volcano (Japan): new eruptions reported
Explosive activity has resumed at the remote volcano in the Tokara Island chain. VAAC Tokyo reported explosions yesterday and this morning, with ash plumes rising to 4,000-6,000 ft (1.2-1.8 km) altitude.
Update: November 27, 2013: As earthquakes keep rocking North Texas, residents are rattled November 27, 2013 – TEXAS - On Tuesday morning, yet another earthquake rocked the small Tarrant County town of Azle. It was the sixth within a week in Tarrant and Parker counties. More than a dozen quakes have rattled North Texas in November. Azle residents are getting nervous and seismologists are trying to get to the bottom of what’s going on. Some point to natural gas drilling that’s happening in the Barnett Shale, a massive geological formation that covers about 20 North Texas counties. But a geophysicist with the National Earthquake Information Center says more testing is needed to make such a connection. Donna Luce is worried. “I was sitting there watching TV, and my house just shook, and I’ve never felt that before, ever,” she said. “Now, actually, I’m afraid of sinkholes.” Debbie Raub and her husband, Fred, described the big quake with a 3.6 magnitude as “real spooky. Real loud boom, and then it just started shaking the ground under our mobile home,” she said. “Just rocking it. And our dogs, they go totally insane. They know it before it happens.” Each time there’s a quake, their two-bedroom trailer has to be re-leveled. “You just have to get under there, and jack it up in spots, put a level on underneath the trailer, and level it,” Debbie Raub said. “It’s just pulling the ground out beneath our stands.”
Fred Raub, who was born in Azle, says he doesn’t think the quakes are natural. He blames local natural gas drilling. “They say it ain’t what happens, but till then, we didn’t have it,” he said. “You gotta drill about every mile. You just start looking around at all the drills they’re putting down.” Don Blakeman, a geophysicist with the National Earthquake Information Center, says the quakes could be the result of oil and gas production. But he says more testing is needed to know that for sure. ”Obviously, if it is oil and gas production related, they might continue until that activity stops,” he said. “The other possibility is that it’s just a natural swarm, because we do see that sort of thing occurring sometimes in areas where we haven’t had quakes before.” A natural swarm is a series of small quakes. And Blakeman says they aren’t as dangerous as quakes with bigger magnitudes – quakes at 5.0 magnitudes can produce structural damage. In the meantime, in case the ground starts to shake again, Blakeman advises individuals and families to be prepared if a bigger quake strikes North Texas. Scientists and other experts are reportedly teaming up with the U.S. Geological Survey to collect more data to learn more about why these quakes keep occurring in North Texas.
Update: November 27, 2013:The Volcano In Indonesia Is One Of 35 Currently Erupting Volcanoes: Here’s Where They Are The volcano at Mount Sinabung at Jakarta, Indonesia, erupted six times early Monday, shooting volcanic ash 2,000 meters into the sky.
Thousands have been evacuated from the region since the Sinabung volcano began erupting sporadically in September. 5,000 people were evacuated from the area the day before the eruption on Monday, bringing the total number of evacuees to 11,000. There have been no casualties so far.
The Sinabung is just one of 35 active, erupting volcanoes in the world, according to a categorized list on Volcano Discovery. Of the 35 currently erupting volcanoes in the world, seven are in Indonesia.
Most of Indonesia is situated along the “Ring of Fire” -- a horseshoe shaped ring around the Pacific where most earthquakes and volcanic eruptions take place.
Here’s a map of the Ring of Fire and the 35 volcanoes that are experiencing sporadic eruptions and other active volcanic activity. Click on any volcano to see what sort of volcanic activity that volcano is experiencing:
Update: November 27, 2013:India's east coast braces as severe Cyclone Lehar advances BHUBANESWAR, India, Nov 27 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Indian authorities evacuated thousands of villagers living in low-lying areas, suspended fishing operations and put disaster response teams on standby on Wednesday as a severe cyclone hurtled towards its eastern coast.
Cyclone Lehar - the third powerful storm to hit Andhra Pradesh in seven weeks - is moving in from the Bay of Bengal and forecast to make landfall near the city of Machilipatnam on Thursday afternoon with wind speeds of up to 170 kmph (105 mph).
India's weather office predicts Lehar will also bring storm surges and heavy rains and will damage mud-and-thatch homes, disrupt power and communication networks and inundate farmland along the state's northern coast.
An alert has been issued in the districts of East and West Godavari, Guntur and Krishna, said local officials, warning people to remain indoors.
"Some 15,000 people have been evacuated from East Godavari," said C. Parthasarathy, commissioner of state disaster management department.
He said weather conditions had been normal in the area during the day and many coastal inhabitants were reluctant to move to cyclone shelters on higher ground, but he expected more people to be evacuated by the evening.
Farmers have been told to harvest any standing rice crops, fisherman warned to suspend operations, and the army, navy and disaster response teams are on standby. Helicopters have been positioned in key locations for rescue and relief operations.
Neighboring Odisha state said it was also preparing and had deployed disaster rapid action forces, predicting flooding as a result of heavy rains.
India's cyclone season generally lasts from April to December with severe storms often causing dozens of deaths, mass evacuations and widespread crop and property damage.
Officials were widely praised for a mass evacuation that saved thousands of lives last month when Cyclone Phailin struck, even though at least 60 people were killed and 12 million people lost their homes or livelihoods. A similar monster storm had killed 10,000 in 1999.
Last week, a less severe cyclone called Helen also hit Machilipatnam, killing three people.
Update: November 25, 2013: 7.0 magnitude earthquake strikes South Atlantic: strongest to ever hit region SOUTH ATLANTIC – A magnitude-7.0 earthquake struck in the South Atlantic, southeast of the disputed Falkland Islands, according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). It says the quake struck at 2-27 a.m. on Monday (0627 GMT), about 195 miles southeast of the Falklands’ capital, Stanley, and 545 miles east of Ushuaia, Argentina. The depth was a shallow 6.2 miles. The Falklands are a British territory that is claimed by Argentina. The USGS says the quake followed four others that all measured more than 5.0, over a two-hour period leading up to the big quake. It says such quakes are uncommon in the region. Only 15 quakes of more than magnitude 5.0 had been measured in the region in the previous 40 years.
Update: November 25, 2013: Japan’s Mount Sakurjima volcano shaken by violent eruptions After a short phase of weaker activity, the volcano began to erupt more violently yesterday with a series of powerful explosions that sent ash plumes up to 15,000 ft (4,5 km). Near-constant ash emissions have been taking place from the Showa crater.
Update: November 24, 2013: Powerful storm system blasts US West; 8 killed ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. (AP) — A powerful storm system that has caused hundreds of accidents across the Western U.S. has marched eastward with predictions of widespread snow, freezing temperatures and gusty winds.
The fierce weather has caused at least eight deaths and prompted advisories Saturday afternoon in New Mexico and Texas.
As thick, gray clouds covered the Southwest, forecasters said the storm would sweep across the South and toward the Atlantic coast next week, causing problems for holiday travelers.
Joe Harris, a meteorologist with the National Weather Service, said the "Nordic outbreak" will "produce a mixed bag of wily weather that will end up impacting much of the nation."
In New Mexico, authorities and residents braced for the second hit of a one-two punch that had already blanketed parts of the state with snow and freezing rain and caused a rollover accident that killed a 4-year-old girl in the eastern part of the state.
Three other storm-related deaths were reported Saturday in a crash in the Texas Panhandle involving nearly a dozen vehicles.
In California, where the storm system hit first, prompting flooding and water rescues in recent days, three deaths have been linked to the storms since Thursday, as authorities found one body near downed power lines, one man crashed his vehicle into a tree and a woman was killed when a tree fell on a parked car.
In Arizona, firefighters recovered the body of a man who was swept away by high waters Friday in the Santa Cruz River in the southern part of the state.
The storm already has affected much of the Western U.S., causing hundreds of rollover accidents and prompting officials to cancel events and close roads.
In Nevada, snow in high elevations in the rural, eastern part of the state stranded dozens of cars. No fatalities were reported and authorities got the road open again by Saturday.
In Arizona, rain came down Saturday as more than 8,000 cyclists competed in the annual El Tour de Tucson. Also, high school football games, soccer tournaments and parades were cancelled across the state.
Forecasters said parts of both California and Arizona could expect severe weather with winter storm warnings through Saturday. Weather officials said the mountains and the Antelope Valley foothills northeast of Los Angeles were under the most risk. However, they said there was only a small chance of rainstorms like those that prompted flooding in California on Thursday.
Update: November 24, 2013:Moderate but damaging quake on the Iran-iraq Border Region on November 24, 2013 Update 23:37 UTC : 1 person has been reported as injured and many houses have additional cracks and broken windows.
Update 18:44 UTC : first media reports from the area are mentioning a lot of panic
The earthquake was also felt in Baghdad (visitor evidence). Again we have a double earthquake (preliminary data – 2 minutes between both quakes) and again the Magnitude was approx. 5.5 – 5.8 as it was with the strongest quake so far. A lot of people are camping in their garden as they do no feel secure in their houses anymore.
Update 18:21 UTC : The epicenter of the current earthquake is at the Iran site of the border.
Update 18:24 UTC : As the other earthquakes made already some damages and slight injuries, we expect this aftershock to generate even more, probably this time at the Iranian side of the border. Same difficulties as with the other quake : Dark and probably NO electricity in the epicenter area = difficult rescue and assessment work
Also an in depth article: Strong dangerous earthquake in the Iran / Iraq border area Update Sunday 24/11 09:52 UTC : The sequence of 5+ earthquakes (4 5+ earthquakes in the same area) has generated a lot of damage (even collapsed houses) in the border area. The epicenter of the last one was located in the towns of Qasr-e Shirin-e Zahab and Gilangharb.
Schools have been closed and a lot of people have been setting p tents in the garden of their houses out of fear of more earthquakes.
Luckily NO fatalities or seriously injured people so far.
Update: November 24, 2013:Indonesia Raises Volcano Alert Level to Highest November 24, 2013 – INDONESIA – Indonesian authorities raised the alert status for one of the country’s most active volcanoes to the highest level Sunday after the mountain repeatedly sent hot clouds of gas down its slope following a series of eruptions in recent days. Mount Sinabung in North Sumatra province unleashed fresh volcanic ash and gravel as high as 5,000 meters (16,400 feet) and searing gas down its slope up to 2 kilometers (1.2 miles), said a government volcanologist, Surono, who like many Indonesians uses one name. The 2,600-meter (8,530-foot) -high mountain has sporadically erupted since September after being dormant for three years. “We are in a situation of high alert due to the danger of searing gas,” Surono said, adding that authorities had urged people to stay at least 5 kilometers (3 miles) away from the crater. About 12,300 evacuees from eight villages around the mountain were packed Sunday in crowded government camps away from the fiery crater, while more than 6,000 others fled earlier to temporary shelters in 16 safe locations, said National Disaster Mitigation spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho. Transportation Ministry spokesman Bambang Ervan said airlines had been notified to avoid routes near the mountain. The volcano’s last eruption, in August 2010, killed two people and forced 30,000 others to flee. It caught many scientists off guard because it had been quiet for four centuries. Mount Sinabung is among around 129 active volcanoes in Indonesia, which is prone to seismic upheaval due to its location on the Pacific “Ring of Fire,” an arc of volcanoes and fault lines encircling the Pacific Basin.
Update: November 23, 2013: Powerful storm touches Rhodes in south-eastern Greece, leaving two dead and one missing Two women have died and a man is missing after heavy rain struck the island of Rhodes in south-eastern Greece.
The storm hit the island on Friday evening and caused flooding, with hundreds of people trapped in cars, the island's fire brigade said.
A woman was found dead late on Friday while the body of a 27-year-old teacher was discovered on Saturday morning. Both apparently attempted to leave their stranded cars and were overcome by raging waters.
A helicopter and 10 members of the fire service's rescue squad have been sent to Rhodes to help find the missing 53-year-old man, authorities said.
According to Greece's meteorological service, there has been 173mm (about 6.8in) of rainfall, with the wet conditions continuing on Saturday.
a day that made history in Rhodos when a terrible superstorm caused huge problems in my island - video below:
Update: November 23, 2013:
Cyclone Helen Strikes India, At Least 6 Dead HYDERABAD, India — A cyclone killed at least six people and knocked out power to hundreds of villages in southern India on Friday.
The India Meteorological Department said the storm hit Andhra Pradesh state with winds of 50 to 55 mph and heavy rains.
State Revenue Minister Raghuvira Reddy said six people were killed by falling trees and electric poles and gushing waters. About 30,000 people had evacuated to safer areas Thursday.
A stronger cyclone that hit Orissa state last month killed 25 people and destroyed tens of thousands of homes. The evacuation of about 1 million residents kept the toll from rising higher.
Update: November 22, 2013:Seven Volcanoes in Six Countries All Start Erupting within Hours of Each Other [video] A new island has appeared in the Pacific. A submarine eruption just off Nishino-Shima Island Japan has erupted for the first time in 40 years. The Japanese Navy noticed the explosions as boiling lava met sea water giving rise to plumes of steam and ash.
Almost 7,000 miles away in Mexico, the Colima volcano blew its top after a period of relative calm. A steam and ash cloud rose two miles into the sky and the grumbling of the mountain could be heard in towns a few miles away.
In Guatemala the ‘Fire Mountain’ belched out lava and sent up a moderate ash cloud causing an ash fall over nearby towns. The explosions and shock waves occurring in the volcano can be felt by residents over 6 miles away. Doors and windows are reported to be rattling, but there has been no damage so far.
In Vanuatu the Yasur volcano is giving some cause for concern. Although the explosions are quite weak the continuous ash that is coming from the mountain is starting to build up on farming land.
Over to Italy, Mount Etna is putting on quite a display. The current eruption started a few days ago and has been getting stronger as time moves on. A massive eruption lit up the sky and disturbed residents yesterday. The ash cloud was high enough to see flights canceled. The lava flow was the biggest in years, and the town of Zafferana which lay in its path saw some damage. Lava diverters were put into place, and most of the town escaped unscathed.
A new island was born today in the Pacific Ocean in Japan's Izu (or Volcano) island chain. It is produced by a new submarine eruption which is currently taking place about 500 m southeast of Nishino-Shima island.
The eruption was first spotted by Japanese navy this morning at 10:20 (local time) who documented surtseyan activity at the eruption site (explosive interaction of sea-water and lava, generating violent jets of steam and ash). It appears that the eruption has already built an island of about 200 m diameter in size, which suggests that the vent was already located in very shallow waters.
A small steam and ash plume rising to about 2000 ft (600 m) was reported by VAAC Tokyo. The last known eruption of the volcano occurred in 1973 .
Update: November 21, 2013:Radius expands around Mexico’s Popocatepetl volcano after increase in emissions November 21, 2013 – MEXICO – The Popocatepetl volcano showcased with a layer of snow was observed throughout the morning and mid-day from the city of Puebla and columns generated by medium-intensity exhalations. According to the monitoring system of the National Center for Disaster Prevention (Cenapred) in the last 24 hours, the colossus presented 57 exhalations of low intensity, probably accompanied by emissions of steam and gas. The scientific body apparatuses volcano tectónicos detected six earthquakes of magnitude less than 2.5. “This morning there was medium-intensity exhalations at 05:47, 5:57, 7:28, 7:36 and 8:46 hours. At the time of this report, there was low-cloud visibility. Nevertheless, this morning the volcano was witnessed with a light emission of water vapor and gases, the agency of the federal Interior Ministry said. The Volcanic Alert Semaphore Yellow is in Phase 2. The scenarios that could occur in coming hours may include: explosive activity of low to intermediate scale, ash rains mild to moderate in nearby towns, and pyroclastic flows and mudflows short range. Given the activity of the Colossus, the Cenapred recommended further safety radius of 12 km, so that staying in that area is not permitted, and maintain controlled traffic between Santiago and San Pedro Nexapa Xalitzintla via Paso de Cortes. –El Diario MX (translated)
Update: November 20, 2013:Mexico’s Colima volcano goes ballistic after weeks of relative calm MEXICO – On Monday night and Tuesday morning, the Colima volcano showed two strong exhalations; ejecting lava down its slopes and ash skyward, that has reached several villages. Since last Sunday, the Volcan de Fuego de Colima was reactivated after several weeks of apparent calm and until Tuesday registered between 30 and 35 puffs per day, spewing lava down its slopes and ash that reached the people of Cheese, municipality of Cuauhtémoc, Colima, and some towns in the state of Jalisco. Yesterday at 21:45 hours this morning between 8:00 and 8:30 am, the volcano emitted two strong exhalations heard that reached in the communities closest to the “granite colossus,” mainly in the municipalities of Comala and Cuauhtémoc. From the city of Colima there was a big cloud of steam that rose to just over 2 miles. The chief operating officer of the State System of Civil Protection, Melchor Ursua Quiroz, said: “The volcano has been recharged” and in the last two days has been sharp exhalations, which triggered an alert status from monitoring equipment installed before this new volcanic activity.
Ursua said that the exhalations Quiroz registered so far, between 30 and 35, are water vapor, once in the mountainous area of the state, bordering Jalisco north, there has been heavy rainfall. He said those exhalations were accompanied by light columns of lava that caused lahars (ash, volcanic stone, mud and water) on the slopes of the volcano, which have been deposited in the canyons and streams of the Cordobán and the Hearth, “the latter was saturated volcanic material and will need to get heavy machinery for cleaning and desludging.” He also said that there is “a warning to the population,” which does not mean that there is intention evacuations, as this alert is intended only for people to be on the lookout for information on the conditions under which the colossus. The Colima Volcano is currently one of the busiest in the country and is the most monitored, however much of its equipment is damaged or it has been stolen and require replacement.
Update: November 20, 2013:Increased activity reported at volcanoes in Guatemala and Vanuatu Two lava flows are active on the upper slopes of the volcano at the moment, to the Taniluya (south) and Ceniza canyon (SE). The effusive activity started on 11 Nov and increased on 18 November, reaching a length of 600 m. Constant avalanches detach from the flow fronts.
At the same time, explosive activity at the summit crater remained at low to moderate levels, with strombolian explosions that produce ash plumes of up to 800 m height and incandescent jets visible from distance. Some of the explosions generate shock waves that can be felt and heard in up to 15 km distance, causing roofs, doors and windows of houses to rattle.
Fine ash fall occurred in Panimaché, Morelia abd Sangre de Cristo
Update: November 19, 2013: At least 17 dead after Sardinia swept by cyclone State of emergency declared on Mediterranean island hit by flash floods
At least 17 people have been killed in flooding and hundreds made homeless after a cyclone swept over the Mediterranean island of Sardinia, Italian authorities said today.
The government declared a state of emergency after Cyclone Cleopatra dropped 450mm of rain in an hour and a half overnight, causing rivers to burst their banks, sweeping away cars and flooding homes across the island.
Update: November 18, 2013:Scientists find new volcano rumbling under Antarctica ice: 1,370 tremors: “It may blow or it may not. We don’t know.” A volcano may be stirring more than a half-mile beneath a major ice sheet in Antarctica, raising the possibility of faster base melting that could ultimately affect climate.
Seismologists working in a mountainous area of Marie Byrd Land in western Antarctica detected a swarm of low-magnitude earthquakes in 2010 and 2011 similar to those that can precede volcanic eruptions, according to a study published online Sunday in Nature Geoscience.
The area of activity lies close to the youngest in a chain of volcanoes that formed over several million years, and the characteristics and depth of the seismic events are consistent with those found in volcanic areas of Alaska’s Aleutian Islands, the Pacific Northest, Hawaii and Mt. Pinatubo in the Philippines, the study concludes.
The tight focus of the 1,370 tremors and their deep, long-period waves helped researchers rule out ice quakes, glacial motion or tectonic activity as causes. So, too, did their apparent depth: At 15-25 miles beneath the sub-glacial surface, they are close to the local boundary between Earth’s crust and mantle.
“At first I had no idea it was something volcanic, and then, as I started putting together all the pieces, it started looking more and more like I’d found a volcano,” said study coauthor Amanda Lough, a seismology graduate student at Washington University in St. Louis.
Chances of a massive fire-and-ice catastrophe are slim, however. Clusters with these wave characteristics have sometimes preceded eruptions, but not always, Lough said. And it would take a staggering release of energy to punch through more a half-mile of ice, she noted.
“Does this mean that something is going to be happening in the next 20 years or so? I have no idea,” she said. “It’s not something that’s going to cause major issues. You’d have to have a huge, huge eruption.”
Still, even a small eruption could increase base melting and lubricate the ice sheet. “If you have a future eruption it’s going to increase the heat flow, so you’re going to have more melting in the surrounding area, which will then lead to more water at the base of the ice sheet and cause the overlying ice flow to increase in velocity because it’s been lubricated.”
How such melting could affect the vast ice sheet remains unknown.
The data came from seismic equipment used to study the interaction of ice with the crust in Antarctica, part of a broader program studying polar ice caps. That data were collected in 2010-2011, but most of the events analyzed occurred in two swarms during the first two months of 2010 and in March 2011.
Radar imaging also revealed a buried ash layer believed to be from an eruption of Mt. Waesche about 8,000 years ago. There also is evidence of small flows of magma on the sub-ice topography, and the surface closest to the swarm appears to be a mound of volcanic material, according to the study.
Lough, who expects to complete her PhD work next year, has been bowled over by reaction to the discovery. “This is my first paper and people keep calling me wanting to know about it,” she said. “This is going to be one of the chapters in my thesis -- probably the most exciting one.”
The study was led by geophysicist and seismologist Douglas Wiens of Washington University, who is supervising Lough's thesis. Other research team members hailed from UC Santa Cruz, Penn State University, New Mexico Tech, Colorado State University, the University of Texas at Austin, Central Washington University and Ohio State.
Update: November 17, 2013: A powerful magnitude 7.8 quake strikes far south Atlantic: USGS A powerful 7.8 magnitude undersea earthquake struck in the Scotia Sea, a remote region in the far south Atlantic near Antarctica, US earthquake monitors reported on Sunday.The quake struck at 0904 GMT in the ocean around 893 km southwest of Grytviken, South Georgia, and 1,140 km southeast of Ushuaia, Argentina, said the US Geological Survey, which monitors earthquakes worldwide.
There are ongoing after shocks in this region where the continental shelf is located.
Update: November 16, 2013: Schools closed; thousands in Fairbanks region still without power due to winter storm Update 2:40 p.m.: As of about 2:30 p.m. today, the "main backbone" of the Golden Valley Electric Association distribution system is working, according to GVEA spokeswoman Cassandra Cerny. Crews are working on providing power to branch lines, she said.
As of the most recent update to its outage blog (http://gvea.com/outages) crews were working in the following locations:
"Two (crews) in North Pole (Badger Road), one on Chena Hot Springs Road, one off the Steese Highway north of Fox, one on Ballaine Road, two in University West and three crews on Chena Ridge. (GVEA has) crews lined up to head to McGrath Road."
The utility also reported this afternoon that four line crews from Anchorage are headed to Fairbanks this evening to assist.
Update: November 15, 2013:Strong 6.8 magnitude quake hits far south Atlantic: USGS WASHINGTON: A strong 6.8 magnitude undersea earthquake struck in a remote area known as Scotia Sea, between the furthest tip of South America and Antarctica, US monitors said late Friday.
There is a low likelihood that the quake, which struck at 0334 GMT Saturday, will cause casualties or damage because of its remote location, said the US Geological Survey, which monitors earthquakes worldwide.
After a powerful but shallow Magnitude 6.8 quake struck in the Scotia Sea, the were strong afershocks all of shallow depth:
5.3 Magnitude Scotia Sea
2013-11-16 04:45:33 UTC10.0 km deep
2013-11-16 04:16:04 UTC10.2 km deep
2013-11-16 04:01:18 UTC10.3 km deep
More about the Scotia Sea where half stands above the continental shelf.
Normally stormy and cold, the Scotia Sea is the area of water between Tierra del Fuego, South Georgia, the South Sandwich Islands, the South Orkney Islands and the Antarctic Peninsula, and bordered on the west by the Drake Passage. These island groups all sit on top of the Scotia Ridge, which frames the Scotia Sea on the north, east, and south. The Scotia Sea covers an area of about 900,000 km2 (347,500 sq mi). About half of the sea stands above the continental shelf.
Update: November 13, 2013:Another quake this time 3.4 magnitude strkes in San, Ramon, California (11-13) 10:07 PST SAN RAMON -- A 3.4-magnitude earthquake struck near San Ramon on Wednesday morning, the latest in a series of small quakes to shake the area.
The U.S. Geological Survey recorded Wednesday's temblor at 9:30 a.m. about 1.2 miles east of San Ramon. Residents reported feeling the quake, but no damage was immediately reported.
"It was more of a gentle roll," said Kim French of the San Ramon Valley Fire Protection District.
A 2.9-magnitude earthquake was reported in the same area Tuesday afternoon and a 3.0-magnitude quake was reported Friday evening.
Update: November 12, 2013:Small earthquakes strike in SF Bay Area - Broadmoor and San Ramon Several small earthquakes occurred within minutes of each other near San Ramon and Daly City on Tuesday afternoon, according to U.S. Geological Survey.
An earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 2.9 struck near San Ramon at 3:35 p.m., according to the USGS.
The quake was centered about 2 miles east of San Ramon and had a depth of 4.8 miles, according to the USGS.
Some staff members in Danville's Town Hall felt the quake, although it lasted for "all of a second," town spokesman Geoff Gillette said.
Five minutes later, a 2.1-magnitude quake was recorded near Broadmoor, and was quickly followed by a 2.8-magnitude earthquake in the same area. Broadmoor is located near Daly City.
At 3:53 p.m., a 1.4-magnitude quake occurred in that spot, according to the USGS.
Those quakes were centered about 3 miles south-southwest of Broadmoor.
Update: November 12, 2013: Strong earthquake near Dushanbe, Tajikistan – 100+ houses collapsed, many more damaged Update November 12:
- 104 houses destroyed, and 259 damaged in Karim Ismoil, Rajab-Ismoil, Bozorboy Buron and Chorsu Vahdat.
- This was from a MSK-64 intensity V earthquake.
Update November 11:
The effects of this quake were worse than initial reported. More than 100 houses in villages south of Dushanbe were destroyed. 200 additional houses were severely damaged. No dead or injured people are reported yet.
This quake, which had its epicenter only 20 km from Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan, damaged many buildings in villages near the epicenter. At least 2 houses partially collapsed, many more were damaged. Some houses developed large cracks. People ran out into the streets. There are no reports of injuries so far.
In Dushanbe, many people felt the quake strongly, but no damage was reported from there yet.
Update: November 11, 2013:Etna volcano (Sicily): powerful paroxoysmal eruption The awaited new paroxysm of Etna's NEW SE crater started last night and is still in full progress. Unfortunately, a snow storm above the summit area prevents detailed observations, but judging from the seismic signal, this eruption is unusually long and intense (and still growing at the time of updating). Ash fall has been reported from villages to the E/NE (Zafferana, Milo etc), where the plume is carried to by strong Libeccio winds.
Update: November 11, 2013: Philippine typhoon kills at least 10,000: survivors ‘walking around like zombies’ TACLOBAN, Philippines: One of the most powerful storms ever recorded killed at least 10,000 people in the central Philippines, a senior police official said on Sunday, with huge waves sweeping away entire coastal villages and devastating the region's main city.
Super typhoon Haiyan destroyed about 70 to 80 percent of the area in its path as it tore through Leyte province on Friday, said police chief superintendent Elmer Soria.
Most of the deaths appear to have been caused by surging sea water strewn with debris that many said resembled a tsunami, levelling houses and drowning hundreds of people in one of the worst natural disasters to hit the typhoon-prone Southeast Asian nation.
The national government and disaster agency have not confirmed the latest estimate of deaths, a sharp increase from initial estimates on Saturday of at least 1,000 killed by a storm whose sustained winds reached 195 miles per hour (313 km per hour) with gusts of up to 235 mph (378 kph).
"We had a meeting last night with the governor and the other officials. The governor said, based on their estimate, 10,000 died," Soria said. "The devastation is so big."
More than 330,900 people were displaced and 4.3 million "affected" by the typhoon in 36 provinces, the UN's humanitarian agency said, as relief agencies called for food, water and tarpaulins for the homeless.
Witnesses and officials described chaotic scenes in Leyte's capital, Tacloban, a coastal city of 220,000 about 580 km (360 miles) southeast of Manila, with hundreds of bodies piled on the sides of roads and pinned under wrecked houses.
The city lies in a cove where the seawater narrows, making it susceptible to storm surges.
The city and nearby villages as far as one kilometre (just over half a mile) from shore were flooded, leaving floating bodies and roads choked with debris from fallen trees, tangled power lines and flattened homes. TV footage showed children clinging to rooftops for their lives.
Many internet users urged prayers and called for aid for survivors in the largely Roman Catholic nation on social media sites such as Twitter.
"From a helicopter, you can see the extent of devastation. From the shore and moving a kilometre inland, there are no structures standing. It was like a tsunami," said interior secretary Manuel Roxas, who had been in Tacloban since before the typhoon struck the city.
"I don't know how to describe what I saw. It's horrific."
Looters take what they can
Mila Ward, an Australian citizen and Filipino by birth who was in Leyte on vacation visiting her family, said she saw hundreds of bodies on the streets.
"They were covered with blankets, plastic. There were children and women," she said.
The UN's Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs said aerial surveys showed "significant damage to coastal areas with heavy ships thrown to the shore, many houses destroyed and vast tracts of agricultural land decimated".
The destruction extended well beyond Tacloban. Officials had yet to make contact with Guiuan, a town of 40,000 that was first hit by the typhoon. Baco, a city of 35,000 people in Oriental Mindoro province, was 80 percent under water, the UN said.
There were reports of damage across much of the Visayas, a region of eight major islands, including Leyte, Cebu and Samar.
Many tourists were stranded. "Seawater reached the second floor of the hotel," said Nancy Chang, who was on a business trip from China in Tacloblan City and walked three hours through mud and debris for a military-led evacuation at the airport.
"It's like the end of the world."
Six people were killed and dozens wounded during heavy winds and storms in central Vietnam as Haiyan approached the coast, state media reported, even though it had weakened substantially since hitting the Philippines.
Vietnam authorities have moved 883,000 people in 11 central provinces to safe zones, according to the government's website. Despite weakening, the storm is likely to cause heavy rains, flooding, strong winds and mudslides as it makes its way north in the South China Sea.
Looters rampaged through several stores in Tacloban, witnesses said, taking whatever they could find as rescuers' efforts to deliver food and water were hampered by severed roads and communications.
Mobs attacked trucks loaded with food, tents and water on Tanauan bridge in Leyte, said Philippine Red Cross chairman Richard Gordon. "These are mobsters operating out of there."
Tecson John Lim, the Tacloban city administrator, said city officials had so far only collected 300-400 bodies, but believed the death toll in the city alone could be 10,000.
An estimated 10,000 people might have been killed in the central Philippine province of Leyte alone, which was almost completely destroyed by the powerful typhoon Haiyan, local authorities said.
The typhoon has devastated up to 80 percent of the Leyte province area as it ripped through the Philippines, Chief Superintendent Elmer Soria told Reuters.
“We had a meeting last night with the governor and other officials. The governor said based on their estimate, 10,000 died,” Soria said.
The Red Cross said earlier that 1,200 people we confirmed dead in the Philippines.
Philippine Interior Secretary Mar Roxas said on Saturday that it was too early to announce any final figures.
"The rescue operation is ongoing. We expect a very high number of fatalities as well as injured," Roxas told AP. "All systems, all vestiges of modern living — communications, power, water — all are down. Media is down, so there is no way to communicate with the people in a mass sort of way."
Update: November 7, 2013: SUPER STORM HAIYAN UPDATE- A RECORD BREAKER
"Typhoon 'Yolanda' has made landfall over Guiuan, Eastern Samar," according to the Philippines' PAGASA weather agency's most recent advisory, issued at 5 a.m. local time.
CNN calls Haiyan based on the wind, if the system did not weaken at landfall - Typhoon Haiyan is the Strongest Tropical System
Ever Making Landfall Anywhere in the World
Astrological Chart set for 5 a.m. local time in Guiuan, Eastern Samar - BelowMercury and N. Node are rising in extreme Scorpio opposing S. Node/Hygeia in Taurus (potential health problems from storm)
Mercury rising governs the wind and corresponds to high pressure of fair weather. Gentle breezes to hurricane-force winds can be found under Mercury's domain.
Rulers of the chart (Scorpio rising) are Mars and Pluto. Pluto is in the 3rd. house relating to Mercury and is near the Moon and Venus.
Pluto and Mars both relate to violent, extremes, severe and intense conditions depending on other chart indications
Since 50% of the overall prevailing conditions are described by the planets in the 4th house, their sign and the aspects - Aquarius is on the 4th. House cusp
with Juno the weather asteroid now TSQ the nodes and Mercury in Scorpio is posited at Ground Zero (4th.) along with Neptune at ground zero relating to freakish weather events, torrential downpours and flooding conditions -
Aquarius and ruler Uranus connect to the IC and are known for shocking and unexpect results and first time events Uranus is also connected to high barometer and mega-high wind velocities (from 315 kph gusting to 380 kph) can be found under its influence
Ruler of the IC is Uranus now in a square to Venus and Pluto in Capricorn adding to more record breaking, unexpected and destructive conditions.
Mount Sinabung in Indonesia has erupted for the third time in as many months, spewing ash over 4 miles into the air and covering nearby villages in gray powder. The volcanic activity began on Sunday and more than 1200 people have been evacuated so far. The volcano surprised scientists in 2010 when it rumbled back to life after being dormant for centuries. Sinabung is one of 120 active volcanoes in the country which is located on the Pacific “Ring of Fire.
Update: November 7, 2013: Extreme Danger Headed for Philippines Yolanda is likely be making landfall in Samar and Leyte Friday morning. JMA is now expecting Haiyan to max out with winds up to 314kph and pressure at 900hpa at landfall. Strongest storm of 2013
Update: November 6, 2013: New ash explosions from New SE crater at Etna Update Wed 06 Nov 14:02
Since about an hour ago, some relatively strong explosions re-appeared to occur at the New SE crater. This could be a signal that it is heading towards a new paroxysm in the near future. Tremor continues to rise slowly. The next days (if not hours) will probably give the answer.
Update: November 6, 2013: Another super typhoon threatens the Philippines Experts warned that another super-typhoon could hit the Philippines on Thursday even as Tropical Depression “Wilma,” which dissipated into a low-pressure area in the Central Visayas, threatened to re-intensify into a storm.
Weather forecaster Gladys Saludes of the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration said the United States military’s Joint Typhoon Warning Center in Hawaii spotted Tropical Storm “Haiyan” over the Caroline Islands on Tuesday.
Saludes said the storm was moving toward the country with maximum winds of 115 kph and gusts of up to 146 kph and will be named “Yolanda” when it enters Philippine jurisdiction. It is expected to make landfall in the Eastern Visayas region on Thursday morning .
Also on Tuesday, the LPA that was formerly called “Wilma” was already 250 km west northwest of Puerto Princesa City near the boundary of PAR at 4 p.m. and is expected re-intensify into a storm as it moves toward Vietnam.
Even after the departure of Wilma, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council will remain on red alert because of Yolanda and various local governments have issued their own alert notices.
In the Eastern Visayas, regional disaster council chairman Rey Gozon directed all local government officials to take necessary measures to prevent or minimize the destruction of life and property.
In Tacloban City, disaster official Isabelo Lagutan said they have already identified several evacuation centers in the city with the primary one located at the Tacloban Astrodome.
In nearby Albay, Albay Gov. Joey Salceda also ordered cities, towns and villages to prepare and undertake “preemptive evacuations.”
“Now is the time to prepare. We ask the various disaster risk reduction and management offices from cities, towns and barangays to start reviewing their response strategies to the impact of floods, flashfloods, landslides, storm surges
Update: November 5, 2013: Etna volcano (Italy) active again with two small earthquakes Seismic unrest continues and gives the general impression that "something" could be in the making at the volcano.
A swarm of earthquakes at depths around 15-20 km has been going on under the SW flank, suggesting magma could be rising from deeper reservoirs into the volcano's shallower storage areas. Tremor has been showing a rising tendency, but so far, no particular eruptive activity has been observed.
Update: November 3, 2013: Indonesia's Mount Sinabung Volcano Erupts Again Forces Evacuations A volcano in western Indonesia erupted again Sunday, unleashing volcanic ash high into the sky and forcing the evacuation of villagers living around its slope.
Officials raised Mount Sinabung's alert status to the second-highest level after the 2,600-meter (8,530-foot) -high mountain erupted early Sunday, said National Disaster Mitigation Agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho.
Authorities were working to evacuate residents from four North Sumatra province villages located within the mountain's three-kilometer (two-mile) danger zone, Nugroho said. About 1,300 villagers have been relocated to safer areas so far.
It was the volcano's second big eruption since late last month, with its Oct. 24 explosion prompting the evacuation of more than 3,300 people.In September, more than 15,000 people were forced to flee when Mount Sinabung rumbled to life after being dormant for three years.
Update: November 2, 2013: Strong Magnitude 6.2 Quake hits 151km ESE of Neiafu, Tonga Magnitude 6.2 quake shakes Tonga along with aftershocks TONGA - A magnitude 6.4 earthquake has been reported off the coast of Neiafu, Tonga. The quake struck around 8 am this morning. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center says there is no risk of a ‘destructive’ tsunami being generated and impacting New Zealand, the Pacific Islands or Hawaii, but says local tsunamis may occur within 100 kilometers of the epicenter. The United States Geological Survey says earthquakes below 6.5 on the Richter scale are ‘unlikely’ to generate a tsunami. A magnitude 7.5 temblor shook the Tongan islands in May this year. No injuries were reported following that quake and no tsunami was generated.
Update: November 2, 2013:Lava pool beneath Yellowstone supervolcano twice as big as previously thought WYOMING – Yellowstone National park is the largest super-volcano on the continent and possibly the world. It’s an underground boiling cauldron of lava, but just how likely is it to erupt or do scientists have other concerns? “It’s been 640,000 since the last eruption,” says Jake Lowenstern, a scientist with the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory. The lava pool beneath Yellowstone National Park is more than twice as big as scientists previously believed, that’s according to new research from the Geological Society of America. Scientists from the University of Utah say the lake of molten lava is nearly 50 miles long and 12 miles wide. Jake Lowenstern, a scientist with the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory, says even a small eruption could cause a minor disaster. “It could cause damage to the rivers, some flooding, it’s going to put some ash into the air and the ash could certainly get out to the communities out here.” The park is known for the lava lake that fuels all the hot springs. Scientists don’t think the super-volcano will erupt, but the real risk to the region comes from earthquakes.
“There’s going to be more earthquakes, the ground is going to move more and molten rock can’t move up into this geyser system without causing explosions.” Researchers analyzed, get this, 4,500 earthquakes in and around Yellowstone from 1985 to 2013. Scientists say the likelihood of a major quake greater than magnitude 7 is just over a tenth of a percent which is a thousand times more likely to happen then a super eruption. “We do have the Geyser system at Yellowstone can be unstable at time and it can hurl rocks and throw them out … We get earthquake swarms. We have the ground moving up and down at Yellowstone.” The last major earthquake in the area measured 7.3 and was in 1959. It was the most destructive earthquake ever recorded in the Rocky Mountains. “If you look at the time scale of Yellowstone, it has been active a couple million years, it has these things semi-regularly. There will be events again, but you might have to wait another 10,000 years before it happens.” Just in the last week, there have been 25 earthquakes in the park area according to geologists. The good news, the biggest one registered only 2.9
Update: November 2, 2013:Doomsday volcanoes on the planet are awakening in record numbers: Is a new supervolcano forming in Chile? GEOLOGY – One of these days, a field of volcanoes you have never heard of will wake up, and if it fulfills its geologic potential, the consequences will be heard around the world. Curiously, Laguna del Maule, situated along the spine of the Andes, doesn’t even look like a volcano. No towering peak, no plume of smoke or steam, no stench of sulfur. But 36 times in the past 20,000 years, volcanic vents surrounding the lake basin have created monster fields of lava — with huge deposits of volcanic glass, pumice and ash. Once, almost a million years ago, this volcano field had an eruption that, if repeated, could change history by affecting air travel, agriculture and climate. Tantalizing scraps of lava indicate enormous eruptions 1.5 million and 336,000 years ago. It’s a maxim of geology: What happened before can happen again. The volcanic field is 20 kilometers in diameter, and the recent surge in attention is largely due to a widespread, 1.5 meter rise since 2007. “That’s phenomenal,” says Brad Singer, a professor of Geoscience at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, who began studying this part of the Andes 20 years ago. “There is no other volcano in the world that is going up at this rate.”
Update: November 1, 2013: 6.6 magnitude earthquake strikes North-Central Chile November 1, 2013 – CHILE – A 6.6-magnitude earthquake rocked north-central Chile on Thursday, causing buildings to sway in the capital and nervous people to run out into the streets. But Chile’s emergency services office said no damages to infrastructure were reported and Chile’s Navy discarded the possibility of a tsunami. The U.S. Geological Survey said the quake’s epicenter was located about 54 kilometers (33 miles) southwest of the city of Coquimbo or about 400 kilometers (250 miles) from Santiago. Its depth was 10 kilometers (6 miles). Chile is one of the world’s most earthquake-prone countries. A magnitude-8.8 quake and the tsunami it unleashed in 2010 killed more than 500 people, destroyed 220,000 homes, and washed away docks, riverfronts and seaside resorts. That quake was so strong it shortened the Earth’s day slightly by changing the planet’s rotation. The strongest earthquake ever recorded also happened in Chile, a magnitude-9.5 in 1960 that killed more than 5,000 people.
October 2013 This month will continue to add major seismic events and strange extreme weather.
Most frequently we will be experiencing earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and severe weather. October will also have it's share of weather anomalies including some extremes like the kind of freezing cold that is happenin in Peru to new tropical storms and hurricanes entering the Atlantic Basin And with the Grand Water Trine be especially prepared for flooding like in August that struck Russia The continuing and more frequent seismic,volcanic activity along with severe weather will start building with the New Moon in Libra on October 4th @ 5:34 PM PDT By the time we finally reach the Full Moon on October 18th in Aries exact @ 4:38 PM expect some major emergencies. Expect records being broken with Super Storms to continue as Mars enters more changeable Virgo on October 15th. to oppose Neptune.
After the eclipse, Mars, the red warrior and ruler of Aries is transiting in earth sign Virgo and opposes Mars on Oct. 19th.
this will be setting off more quakes and volcanic eruptions since there is resonance with the Uranus-Pluto square which is exact again on Nov. 1st.
Current Quake, Volcano and Weather News-Detailed:
October UPDATES - Quake, Volcano and Weather News for October 2013.
Update: October 31, 2013: A Powerful Magnitude 6.3 quake strikes 45km SSW of Hualian, Taiwan Update 15:19 UTC : – A man in Hualien County was crushed by furniture and has been taken to a hospital
- 8 people were trapped in an elevator when the earthquake struck
- The overall damage / injuries are looking fairly good at this time although it is still too soon to be conclusive as we need daylight to have a good overview.
Update 14:56 UTC : Taiwan Railways reports that 46 trains affecting 9500 people have been delayed due to the earthquake
Update 14:51 UTC : The nuclear power plants in Taiwan are not affected.
Update: October 27 , 2013:Brace yourself: 90mph winds will hit the British coast at midnight tonight wreaking havoc across the country Furious storm will also bring heavy rain with it with potential for floods
Forecasters warn houses face damage, trees falling and power cuts
Insurers tell householders they must protect their homes
Wales and South West England will be hit first early on Monday morning
In some coastal areas in the south winds could reach gusts of up to 90mph
When storm hits drivers are warned against all but essential travel
Firefighters have issued a safety warning to Londoners
Police have warned people to only dial 999 in a genuine emergency
Britain was braced for the worst storm for a decade today, which is set to bring driving rain and winds of up to 90mph to some areas.
A vast area of low pressure is forming over the Atlantic Ocean and ‘Storm St Jude’ – named after the patron saint of lost causes – is expected to hit the South-West coast at around midnight before causing havoc across the South.
The Met Office said it was increasingly confident that the ferocious weather would cut a swathe from Wales to the Humber, bringing down trees and causing structural damage, though officials were still not sure of the exact course of the storm.
Update: October 26 , 2013:7.1 magnitude earthquake strikes off east coast of Japan-an aftershock from the March 11, 2011, 9.0-magnitude earthquake and tsunami JAPAN - An earthquake registering a preliminary magnitude 7.1 struck off the coast of Fukushima Prefecture early Saturday morning and the Japan Meteorological Agency issued an alert for tsunami of 1 meter high for Japan’s northeastern Pacific coast but lifted it about two hours later. The agency urged people to stay away from waterfront areas after the 2:10 a.m. quake. The tsunami alert covered Iwate, Miyagi, Fukushima, Ibaraki and Chiba prefectures. It was lifted at 4:05 a.m. No injuries have been reported in Iwate, Miyagi and Fukushima prefectures after the 2:10 a.m. quake, according to police. No abnormality was reported at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant, which was crippled by the magnitude 9.0 quake in March 2011, according to Tokyo Electric Power Co. Workers, however, were ordered to evacuate from waterfront areas. Tohoku Electric Power Co. said no abnormality has been confirmed at its Onagawa nuclear power plant. Evacuation advisory was issued for coastal residents in Higashimatsushima, Miyagi Prefecture, Ofunato, Kamaishi, Rikuzentakata and Iwaizumi in Iwate Prefecture. The agency said 40 cm high waves were observed in Kuji Port, Iwate Prefecture and Soma, Fukushima Prefecture. It also reported 30 cm waves in Ishinomaki, Miyagi Prefecture, and 20 cm waves in Ofunato in Iwate. The focus was roughly 10 km underground in the Pacific Ocean around 290 kilometers east-southeast of Oshika Peninsula, the agency said. The quake registered a moderate intensity of 4 on the Japanese seismic scale of 7 in Fukushima, Miyagi, Ibaraki and Tochigi prefectures. Tokyo marked intensity 3. The agency revised the magnitude to 7.1 from 6.8. It said the latest quake is an aftershock of the 2011 quake
Update: October 25 , 2013: Huge Earthquake in Japan preliminary magnitude 7.3 – Tsunami advisory for FUKUSHIMA
SRC Location UTC Date/time M D INFO
ER I Felt A (not Listed) Earthquake Oct 25 23:59 4.6 0 MAP I Felt It
PTWC Off The East Coast Of Honshu Japan Oct 25 17:20 7.5 10 MAP I Felt It
GEOFON Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan Oct 25 17:10 7.0 10 MAP I Felt It
USGS Off The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan Oct 25 17:10 7.3 10 MAP I Felt It
EMSC Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan Oct 25 17:10 7.3 5 MAP I Felt It INFO
Cebu City - Light bouncing up on 17th floor.
Misawa - I could see all the furniture in my house shaking, even the walls and the ceiling were shaking.
Kawasaki Japan - No damage
Ota-ku, Tokyo - Really long but mellow earthquake. Felt like I was on a boat. It kept going for what seemed to be at least a minute.
Update: October 25, 2013:UK weather: Forecasters widen warnings for most powerful storm to hit Britain in 26 years They said it was expected to cover a wider area than first though
The biggest storm to hit Britain in 26 years will affect a bigger area of the country than first thought, forecasters said today.
The storm - with wind speeds of 90mph or more - will cross the southern half of Britain, rather than passing south of the country.
The Met Office issued an amber warning, meaning "be prepared", for the southern half of England and the southern half of Wales.
It gave a lesser yellow warning, meaning "be aware", for the rest of Wales and England up to the border with Scotland.
Update: October 24 , 2013:Kamchatka’s Zhupanovsky volcano erupts with large ash cloud: volcano awakes after 54 years KAMCHATKA – A new explosive eruption started yesterday night (23 Oct). An ash plume was detected drifting at an estimated 16,000 ft (5 km) altitude and drifting ESE. At least 1 mm of ash has been deposited in the Nalychevo valley, a natural park between Zhupanovsky and Avachinsky volcanoes. Zhupanovsky volcano lies about 70 km northeast of the capital of Kamchatka, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, and had its last eruption in 1959. It is a complex volcano composed of several overlapping cones aligned on a roughly east-west oriented axis. The new eruption comes from the same vent that has been also the site of all known historical eruptions, located west of the highest point of the volcanic massif. Zhupanovsky is the 8th volcano in Kamchatka to erupt this year.
Update: October 24 , 2013:
Indonesian volcano expels powerful burst of ash; 3,300 evacuate, second large eruption in 40 days INDONESIA - A volcano in western Indonesia erupted Thursday, unleashing a column of dark volcanic material high into the air weeks after villagers were returning home from an earlier eruption, officials said. The explosion at Mount Sinabung, located in North Sumatra province, shot black ash 3 km into the air, but there were no reports of injuries or damage, said National Mitigation Agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho. He said villages, farms and trees around the 2,600-meter-high rumbling volcano were covered in thick gray ash, prompting authorities to evacuate more than 3,300 people. Most were from two villages within 3 km of the mountain in Karo district. No lava or debris spewed from the volcano, and nearby towns and villages were not in danger, but authorities warned tourists to stay away from the danger zone located 1.5 km from the crater, Nugroho said. Last month, more than 15,000 people were forced to flee when the volcano rumbled to life after being dormant for three years, belching ash and smoke and igniting fires on its slopes. The volcano’s last major eruption, in August 2010, killed two people and forced 30,000 others to flee. It caught many scientists off guard because it had been quiet for four centuries. Mount Sinabung is among more than 120 active volcanoes in Indonesia, which is prone to seismic upheaval due to its location on the Pacific “Ring of Fire,” an arc of volcanos and fault lines encircling the Pacific Basin
New South Wales is bracing for a potentially devastating day of bushfires, with the state’s fire commissioner urging people not to travel to the Blue Mountains due to conditions that are set to be “as bad as it gets”.
The fire danger warning for the greater Sydney area, the Blue Mountains and the Hunter valley has been set to “extreme” – the second highest level.
Shane Fitzsimmons, commissioner of the NSW Rural Fire Service, said the forecast for Wednesday was worse than previously thought, making it the most dangerous day yet in the bushfire emergency that began last Thursday.
“The temperature will be in the mid to high 30s, humidity down to 10% and wind strengths of 80 to 100km/h,” he said. “The forecast and scenario for tomorrow is about as bad as it gets.”
All schools and childcare centres in the Blue Mountains will be closed, with Fitzsimmons urging residents to seriously consider fleeing their homes.
“If you are going to leave, leave early,” he said. “Leaving early is always the safest option. Know your fire safety plan and be decisive. Procrastination won’t be helpful,” he said.
We will do everything we can, but it would be wrong of me to provide a guarantee that we will deliver on providing a truck to every home, a message to every person. It is simply something we cannot guarantee, but we will do our absolute darndest to make sure we can.
“Anyone who does not have an important reason to be in the Blue Mountains – don't be there. Stay away from the Blue Mountains and Kurrajong Heights areas. To do so, otherwise, is simply putting yourself in harm’s way and indeed putting others in harm’s way.”
An additional 1400 firefighters will be deployed across NSW in areas considered to be particularly at risk as conditions deteriorate. The perimeter of the various fire areas stretches for 1600km.
About 60 fires are burning in NSW, 17 of them uncontained. Since the start of the bushfires, more than 200 homes have been destroyed, with one man losing his life. Wildlife carers have warned that thousands of koalas, possums, reptiles and other animals have been killed or seriously injured in the fires.
Meanwhile, an 11-year-old boy accused of lighting two fires, one of which destroyed 5,000 hectares of land near Newcastle, has been granted bail.
Insurance claims worth more than $100m already have been lodged, according to the Insurance Council of Australia. Further financial assistance is on its way to residents of fire ravaged areas, with the Salvation Army raising $1.2m in aid.
The federal government has also offered financial support for lost income to eligible people, as well as a “disaster recovery payment” of $1,000 per adult and $400 per child. However, unlike during the Tasmanian bushfires in January, money will not be available to people cut off from their homes or who are without electricity or water for 48 hours.
“These devastating bushfires have affected many individuals and have prevented people’s ability to earn a living,” said Michael Keenan, the federal justice minister.
“This assistance is designed to help employees, primary producers and sole traders recover from these bushfires and get back on their feet and back to work.”
The bushfires have caught the attention of the UN’s climate change chief, Christiana Figueres, who has warned that they signal a future of “doom and gloom” unless carbon emissions are radically cut. Figueres also took the opportunity, while speaking to CNN, to attack the Australian government’s Direct Action climate change policy.
Update: October 22 , 2013:Tornado Strikes England, More Stormy Weather This Week The first in a series of storm systems to impact the United Kingdom came in with a bang on Sunday as a tornado was reported on Hayling Island.
Thunderstorms were seen across much of England, including the London commuter belt.
The tornado, which struck Hayling Island Sunday morning, resulted in damage to at least 100 homes according to BBC News.
The violent weather also caused many downed trees and power lines across the area.
Nearby Saint Catherine's Point reported wind gusts to near 65 mph during this evening according to data obtained by AccuWeather.com meteorologists.
A series of storms will continue to batter the United Kingdom with rounds of rain and strong winds through Saturday.
A storm off the Ireland coastline brought periods of rain and heavy showers to Ireland and the United Kingdom through late Tuesday. Along with the local downpours, gusty southwest winds battered the coastline with gusts over 65 kph (40 mph).
There will be a brief break from the unsettled weather on late Wednesday through Thursday across much of the United Kingdom, although spells of rain will continue across Scotland on Wednesday night.
The next system will move in Thursday night and Friday with additional rainfall spreading from southwest to northeast across Ireland and all of the United Kingdom. Along with this rainfall, another round of potentially gale-force winds will impact southern England and Wales on Friday.
Yet another storm system will continue the threat for gusty winds and downpours on Saturday for much of the United Kingdom.
Update: October 22 , 2013:Seemingly moderate but very damaging earthquake in Aceh, Sumatra, Indonesia (1 man killed by a heart attack) Last update: October 22, 2013 at 9:46 pm by By Armand Vervaec
What apparently looked as a harmless earthquake became another damaging earthquake in Sumatra. With a theoretically shaking of MMI V at max. it was not expected to inflict damage but assessment did report that 83 buildings were severely damaged by the earthquake in Tangse.
An 90 year old man (Abubakar Rasyid, a resident of Mane subdistrict) died because of an heart attack and was not killed by debris from the earthquake .
2 women (from Tangse subdistrict) sustained serious injuries. They were hit by falling pieces of rubble while escaping their homes. Both have been taken to the Sigli Hospital in Pidie district.
Update: October 21 , 2013:Strong hurricane Raymond meanders off Mexico's south coast ACAPULCO, Mexico (AP) — Hurricane Raymond remained nearly stationary as it spun off Mexico's southern Pacific coast late Monday, threatening to spread heavy rains onto a sodden region already devastated by last month's Tropical Storm Manuel.
Guerrero state authorities said it was raining in places but so far no torrential rains had hit the area. Some streets flood in Acapulco, and a few hundred people were evacuated as a precaution from some low-lying coastal areas and isolated mountain towns, authorities said.
The U.S. National Hurricane Center said the Category 3 hurricane had maximum sustained winds of about 120 mph (195 kph) and was edging eastward at 2 mph (4 kph). Raymond was centered about 90 miles (150 kilometers) south-southwest of the beach resort of Zihuatanejo late Monday, and it was expected to follow an erratic path and possibly get closer to the coast over the next day, before veering back out to sea Wednesday.
In the beach resort of Zihuatanejo, officials went door-to-door in hillside communities warning residents about the risk of flash floods and mudslides, but nobody had voluntarily evacuated to the three shelters set up in schools and athletic facilities, municipal firefighter Jesus Guatemala said.
Amid light, intermittent rains, tourists continued to stroll through town.
Mexican authorities rushed to deploy emergency crews and said they were considering evacuations of low-lying areas. About 10,000 people already are living away from their homes a month after Manuel inundated whole neighborhoods and caused landslides that buried much of one village. It left behind drenched hillsides that pose serious landslide risks.
David Korenfeld, head of Mexico's National Water Commission, said Sunday that officials were pinning their hopes on a cold front moving from the north that could help steer Raymond away from the coast.
"The cold front coming down is what makes it (Raymond) turn to the left, but that is a model," Korenfeld said. "If that cold front comes down more slowly, this tropical storm ... can get closer to the coast."
Forecasters said that even if Raymond stayed offshore, the storm could dump heavy rain and cause life-threatening flash floods and mudslides along the south-central Mexican coast.
"There will be rain for the next 72 hours along the Pacific coast — very heavy rain, torrential rain," Korenfeld said.
A hurricane warning was in effect from Tecpan de Galeana, up the coast from Acapulco, north to the port of Lazaro Cardenas. A tropical storm warning was posted from Acapulco to Tecpan.
Authorities in Guerrero, where Manuel caused about 120 deaths from flooding and landslides in September, closed seaports, set up 700 emergency shelters and urged residents in risk areas to take precautions.
The state cancelled classes in most coastal communities west of Acapulco, including Zihuatanejo. Schools are often used as emergency shelters in Mexico.
The potential for damage from such rains was high. About 50 dams in the area were over capacity, and officials were releasing water to make room for expected rainfall.
Some villages high in the mountains of Guerrero were still without electricity and phone service following Manuel.
Update: October 19 , 2013:Volcanic activity worldwide 19 Oct 2013: Klyuchevskoy and Tungurahua Klyuchevskoy (Kamchatka): Strong explosive and effusive activity continues. KVERT monitors the situation closely and issues alerts every few hours. Last evening, ash emissions again reached almost 30,000 ft (8-9 km) altitude. "The ash plume this morning has decreased in height to 21,300-24,600 ft (6.5-7 km) a.s.l. but by now, an ash plume dangerous for aviation is extending about 736 mi (1188 km) to the south-east and east of the volcano (satellite data at 0135 UTC on October 19, 2013)." Video of last night's impressive activity with lava fountains and lava flows all over the flanks of the volcano:
Tungurahua (Ecuador): The eruptive phase that had started on 6 Oct, after a quiet interval of 3 months, continues to increase. The volcano observatory reports ash columns rising up to 3 km above the crater and the first occurrence (so far) small pyroclastic flows.
In the early days of this phase, seismic activity was characterized by an increase in the number and energy of the events related to the mobilization of fluids into the volcano such as long-period events, tremor and explosions and emission signals of variable magnitude. Superficially, low intensity strombolian activity and ash emissions could be observed, resulting in ash fall in the areas of El Manzano, Bilbao, Chacauco , Choglontús , Mocha, Pillate and on the upper slopes of the volcano itself.
Update: October 19 , 2013:6.5 magnitude earthquake strikes off Mexico coast A 6.5 magnitude earthquake struck off the western coast of Mexico in the Gulf of California between the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California Sur, the US Geological Survey reported.
The epicenter of the quake was 10 kilometers deep in the Sea of Cortez. Emergency services in Mexican Sonora and Sinaloa states said there were no immediate reports of casualties and it was not yet clear how the quake had affected Baja California Sur.
The quake was initially reported to have reached a magnitude of 6.8, but was later downgraded to 6.5 by USGS.
A tsunami warning has not been issued.
Over 138,300 people live within 100 kilometers from the epicenter of the earthquake, according to the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS).
"We felt the quake pretty strongly, but we don't have any reports of damage," said Ana Carranza, a hotel worker in Loreto on the Baja California Peninsula.
Mexico is located atop three large tectonic plates and is one of the world's most seismically active regions.
The area west of the Gulf of California, including Mexico's Baja California Peninsula, is moving northwestward with the Pacific plate at about 50 mm per year. Here, the Pacific and North American plates grind past each other creating strike-slip faulting, the southern extension of California's San Andreas fault. In the past, this relative plate motion pulled Baja California away from the coast forming the Gulf of California and is the cause of earthquakes in the Gulf of California region today.
Update 18.37 UTC: The low populated coastal areas and the distance between epicenter and shore will reduce the impact of this quake. The quake happened shortly before 12.00 local time, when most of the people were at work. Local radio reports that some people left their workplaces after the earthquake, but the situation was relatively calm as the quake lasted only for a few seconds.
A very strong earthquake with M 6.5 occurred in Gulf of California, approx. 70 km off the coast of Sonora, Mexico. NO Tsunami warning was issued.
The ShakeMap of USGS shows a shaking with moderate intensity in Etchoropo and other areas of Sonora and Sinaloa. This could cause minor damage like cracked walls. 172.000 people should have felt the moderate shaking, according to USGS PAGER.
Update: October 19 , 2013:Small eruption reported at Indonesia’s Semeru Volcano A pilot observed a small ash eruption this morning at the Semeru Volcano. The volcano had recently been very calm, but this could be a sign it is getting more active again. Semeru, or Mount Semeru, is a volcano located in East Java, Indonesia. It is the highest mountain on the island of Java. The stratovolcano is also known as Mahameru, meaning ‘The Great Mountain.’ –
Update: October 16 , 2013:Massive earthquake registering magnitude 6.8 in the Bougainville Island area, Papua New Guinea Update 13:30 UTC : Prediction from the fatality model was around 0-1 fatalities (0.45 median expected) due to shaking. It is expected that there will not be significant damage. It is currently night, so very little information will come through until morning.
Update 11:21 UTC : As a tsunami risk is potentially the most dangerous for this earthquake, find below the theoretical expectations from GDACS. We might call the impact strong waves and currents at max. Always best to keep away from the beach in these conditions.
Update: October 15 , 2013:India cyclone Phailin leaves trail of devastation, 23 dead Cyclone Phailin, India’s strongest in 14 years, has left towns and villages flooded and tens of thousands of homes destroyed. The country managed to avoid a high loss of life, however, by moving about a million people into shelters.An estimated twenty three people died as a result of the cyclone, which hit India’s eastern coast on Saturday.
“Damage to property is extensive,” said Amitabh Thakur, the top police officer in the eastern coastal district of Odisha, which was the worst hit by the cyclone. “But few lives have been lost.”
Relief and rescue operations are now underway in the states of Orissa and Andhra Pradesh, Marri Shashidhar Reddy, vice chairman of the National Disaster Management Authority, told reporters.
He said 23 people in total had been killed by the storm. Most died from falling trees and one woman was crushed when the walls of her mud hut fell in.
"We have been able to ... (keep) the death toll to a bare minimum," he said. Mass evacuations ahead of the cyclone prevented the widespread deaths that many in India had feared.
Speaking at a press conference in New Delhi, Reddy said that 685 kilometers of road had been cleared of trees and other debris.
A cyclone of the same strength, which hit the same area in 1999, led to the death of about 10,000 people. This time a million people were moved into shelters, as part of one of India's largest evacuations. As the storm was approaching, the Indian military prepared for relief operations.
"We saved lives by putting them in shelters in time," Reuters reported Odisha's special relief commissioner, J.K. Mohapatra, as saying.
The authorities cancelled holidays of some civil servants during the Hindu Dussehra festival, deployed disaster response teams as well as helicopters and boats for rescue operations and relief efforts.
A Panama-registered cargo ship, the MV Bingo, carrying 8,000 tons of iron ore, sank Saturday as a result of the storm. It was not immediately clear if its crew, 17 Chinese citizens and one Indonesian, managed to reach the shore in the lifeboat in which they left the sinking vessel. Radio contact with the crew was last established early Sunday morning.
In the Odisha district, which relies heavily on agriculture for its economy, more than 500,000 hectares of crops, worth an estimated $400 million, were destroyed by the cyclone.
Defense and para-military personnel were deployed to carry out relief work including restructuring infrastructure that has been badly affected by the storm.
"Property to the tune of several crores has been damaged...rehabilitation will now be done," Naveen Patniak, Odisha's chief minister told the Times of India.
Although casualties were much lower than they might have been had it not been for the successful evacuation the cyclone left a trail of destruction along the coast. Along the main highway through Ganjam district in the Odisha province electricity poles were dislodged an electricity tower lay in a mangled heap and power was cut off in most of the state.
The Indian Red Cross estimates that over 250,000 mud and thatch homes owned by poor farming and fishing communities had been destroyed just in the Ganjam district.
“They cannot stay in the shelters for long as they are overcrowded and sanitation issues will crop up with the spread of diseases such as diarrhoea and dysentery, especially amongst young children," Mangla Mohanty, head of the Indian Red Cross in Odisha, said by phone to Reuters from Ganjam district.
Update: October 12 , 2013:Fierce cyclone Phailin rips into India; 550,000 flee to shelters (Reuters) - A fierce cyclone tore into India's coast, killing at least five people, forcing half a million into shelters and threatening to devastate farmland and fishing hamlets.
Cyclone Phailin was expected to remain a "very severe cyclonic storm", packing winds of up to 210 kph (130 mph), into Sunday before steadily weakening as it moves inland in the states of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh.
The storm snapped trees and electricity poles and smashed windows in Brahmapur, a town in the area where it hit land on Saturday evening.
Rescue workers and soldiers spread out across the region in helicopters and trucks and the full extent of destruction was only expected to become clear after daybreak on Sunday.
Some 12 million people were in the path of Phailin, weather and disaster management officials said. It was India's strongest cyclone since a typhoon killed 10,000 people in the same region 14 years ago. Aid agencies hope better preparation and early warnings will mean far fewer casualties this time.
Satellite images showed a vast spiral-shaped storm covering most of the Bay of Bengal's warm seas, before it churned inland.
Jagdesh Dasari, a leader in the fishing village of Mogadhalupadu, said police ordered villagers to leave their mud and thatch huts for a school building as night fell. Many on the impoverished coast were reluctant to go, afraid of losing belongings.
"Many people refused to move, had to be convinced, and at times the police had to forcefully move them to safe places," Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde said.In the first reported deaths, four people were killed by falling trees, while another died when the walls of her mud house collapsed. Electricity went out in several towns, including Odisha's capital Bhubaneswar.
"We are fortunate that we are here ... we saved our lives," said Narayan Haldar, huddled with 1,300 people in an Odisha fishing village storm shelter, built after the 1999 typhoon.
But he complained the government had not provided food. Some shelters were dilapidated and TV images showed crowds standing in the rain outside one overcrowded building.
Large waves pounded beaches and villagers told a television station that surging sea levels has pushed water hundreds of feet (meters) inland in low-lying areas.
Higher sea levels driven by storm surges can cause the worst destruction. Phailin was forecast to drive sea levels up 11 feet at its peak.
"The biggest threat right now is the storm surge along the coast," said Eric Holthaus, meteorologist for Quartz magazine.
Update: October 12 , 2013:Alaska’s Veniaminof Volcano erupts- sends traces of ash over 2 Alaskan communities October 12, 2013 – ANCHORAGE, Alaska — A volcano on the Alaska Peninsula has again become active during a months-long eruption, with a trace of ash falling on communities up to 35 miles away. The Alaska Volcano Observatory says in a release that Veniaminof Volcano resumed its 2013 eruption on Saturday after being quiet for about a month. It’s been marked by lava flows, fountaining and intermittent but small ash, steam and gas plumes. The plumes usually only travel a few miles from the volcano, but the communities of Chignik Lake and Chignik Lagoon, about 35 miles away, reported trace ash on Friday. The observatory says ash fall from the volcano 480 miles southwest of Anchorage is not considered to be significant. The eruption started in June.
Update: October 12 , 2013:New Zealand’s White Island Volcano erupts: alert level raised October 12, 2013 - NEW ZEALAND – New Zealand’s geological agency GNS Science said on Saturday that it’s raised the alert level for White Island after the volcano erupted. The agency said a moderate explosion eruption, lasting about a minute, happened just after 8 p.m. Friday night. GNS Science said the volcanic alert level has been raised from one to two which indicates minor activity. The aviation color code has been upgraded to orange, the second- highest alert level. GNS volcanologist Arthur Jolly said the eruption was about the same size as the previous one in August 2012, Radio New Zealand reported. Jolly said the eruption threw mostly mud, rather than ash, into the air. He said bad weather on Saturday prevented GNS volcanologists from flying over the island to observe the volcano
Update: October 12 , 2013:6.4 magnitude earthquake strikes seafloor south of Greece GREECE - An earthquake of 6.4 magnitude was detected in the Mediterranean Sea west of the island of Crete on Saturday, but there were no reports of casualties or damage, the Greek police and fire brigade said. The center of the quake, which struck at 1311 GMT, was 22.5 miles below the seabed 43 miles west of Chania on Crete, the U.S. Geological Survey said. Greece is often rocked by earthquakes. Most cause no serious damage but a 5.9 magnitude quake in 1999 killed 143 peopl
Update: October 11 , 2013:Cyclone Phailin Makes Landfall : Mass evacuations in eastern India More than 200,000 people in India are being evacuated as a massive cyclone is sweeping through the Bay of Bengal towards the east coast.
Cyclone Phailin, categorised as "very severe" by weather forecasters, is expected to hit Orissa and Andhra Pradesh states on Saturday evening.
The Meteorological Department has predicted the storm will bring winds up to 220 km/h (136mph).
A deadly super-cyclone in 1999 killed more than 10,000 people in Orissa.
But officials say this time they are better prepared, the BBC's Sanjoy Majumder in Delhi reports.
However, the US Navy's Joint Typhoon Warning Center in Hawaii is forecasting even stronger winds, predicting sustained speeds of up to 269 km/h (167 mph).
Officials said Cyclone Phailin is expected to make landfall close to the city of Gopalpur (Orissa state), bringing a storm surge of at least 3m (10ft) that was likely to cause "extensive damage" to mud houses on the coast.
"No-one will be allowed to stay in mud and thatched houses in the coastal areas,'' said Orissa's Disaster Management Minister Surya Narayan Patra.
The army is on standby in the two states for emergency and relief operations. Officials said helicopters and food packages were ready to be dropped in the storm-affected areas.
Meanwhile, the US Navy's Joint Typhoon Warning Centre predicted that winds could reach 315 km/h, while the London-based Tropical Storm Risk classified Phailin as a Category Five storm - the most powerful.
The Times of India newspaper warned that local meteorologists may be underestimating the severity of the storm.
Meteorologists also say that the storm is not only intense but covers a wide area.
Update: October 11 , 2013:Magnitude 6.1 quake - 33km N of Gueiria, Venezuela Location: 10.877°N 62.278°W depth=79.4km (49.3mi)
Time and Date: 2013-10-11 21:40:29 UTC-04:30 at epicenter
Seismotectonics of the Caribbean Region and Vicinity
Extensive diversity and complexity of tectonic regimes characterizes the perimeter of the Caribbean plate, involving no fewer than four major plates (North America, South America, Nazca, and Cocos). Inclined zones of deep earthquakes (Wadati-Benioff zones), ocean trenches, and arcs of volcanoes clearly indicate subduction of oceanic lithosphere along the Central American and Atlantic Ocean margins of the Caribbean plate, while crustal seismicity in Guatemala, northern Venezuela, and the Cayman Ridge and Cayman Trench indicate transform fault and pull-apart basin tectonics.
India is expected to suffer catastrophic impacts from Severe Tropical Cyclone Phailin in less than 12 hours.
Destructive winds well over 160 kph (100 mph) and flooding rain of at least 100-200 mm (4-8 inches) is expected across a wide area. There will be a crippling storm surge of 4-6 meters (14-20 feet), as well as wind gusts to 250 kph, near the landfall point of Phailin which is expected across northeastern India Saturday morning EDT.
Anyone residing in the states of Orissa or eastern Andhra Pradesh is encouraged to take proper precautions and prepare for life-threatening conditions.
While the western Pacific Ocean has produced 26 named tropical cyclones so far this year, the northern Indian Ocean has only seen one named tropical cyclone until Phailin.
As of Friday afternoon, Phalin is packing winds sustained at 260 kph (160 mph) with gusts to 320 kph (200 mph). This makes Phalin the equivalent of a Category 5 hurricane and super typhoon.
All atmospheric and oceanic conditions point toward Phalin at least maintaining intensity. But, inner structural changes like eyewall replacement could lead to unexpected weakening.
A track toward the northwest is expected until landfall Saturday. Phailin has the potential maintain Category 5 intensify until the point of landfall. If that is the case, the impacts will be catastrophic.
Update: October 11 , 2013:A strong but non-damaging Magnitude 6.3 tremor strikes NNE of L'Esperance Rock, New Zealand Location: 30.752°S 178.439°W depth=146.5km (91.0mi)
Time: 2013-10-11 09:24:58 UTC-12:00 at epicenter
Seismotectonics of the Eastern Margin of the Australia Plate
The eastern margin of the Australia plate is one of the most sesimically active areas of the world due to high rates of convergence between the Australia and Pacific plates. In the region of New Zealand, the 3000 km long Australia-Pacific plate boundary extends from south of Macquarie Island to the southern Kermadec Island chain. It includes an oceanic transform (the Macquarie Ridge), two oppositely verging subduction zones (Puysegur and Hikurangi), and a transpressive continental transform, the Alpine Fault through South Island, New Zealand.
Update: October 11 , 2013:800,000 could die from magnitude 8 earthquake in Himalayas ctober 10, 2013 – INDIA - Over 800,000 people may die if an earthquake measuring eight on the Richter scale occurs in the seismically active Himalayan states from Jammu and Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh, National Disaster Management Authority’s Vice Chairman M. Shashidhar Reddy has warned. The entire Himalayan belt is seismically very active and during a short span of 53 years between 1897 and 1950, four major earthquakes, (Shillong in 1897, Kangra in 1905, Bihar-Nepal in 1934 and Assam in 1950) exceeding magnitude eight on the Richter scale occurred in the region causing vast devastation. “No such earthquake has occurred since 1950. Studies indicate that enough strains have accumulated to generate magnitude 8 or larger earthquakes in the Himalayan region. If an earthquake of magnitude eight occurs in the Himalayan states, eight to nine lakh people may lose their lives,” the NDMA vice chief told PTI. When and where such an earthquake would occur is not known and therefore, the best approach to face such an eventuality was to work for developing an earthquake-resilient society, Reddy said.
Update: October 10 , 2013:Eurasia’s highest volcano Klyuchevskoi spews ash up to 3.7 miles October 10, 2013 – KAMCHATKA – Eurasia’s highest volcano, Klyuchevskoi, on the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia’s Far East, churned out ash to a height of six kilometers (3.7 miles) on Thursday morning, local Emergencies Ministry’s department reported. “The cloud of ash moved in the eastern direction from the volcano,” the department said in a statement adding that the cloud of ash posed no danger to residential areas. The statement warned all tourism companies operating in the region against holding tours in the areas located near the volcano, which can also pose threat to aircraft. Klyuchevskoi’s most powerful eruption was registered between January and May of 2005. Following that eruption, the volcano “sank” by 50 meters (about 165 feet), from 4,800 meters (about 16,000 feet) to the current 4,750 meters (15,845 feet). Kamchatka lies within the Pacific’s volatile ‘Ring of Fire.’
Update: October 9 , 2013:White Island volcano (New Zealand): small steam and mud eruption A small steam and mud eruption occurred yesterday, following the small energetic steam venting on 4 Oct and another increase in seismic activity during 7 Oct. Since then, seismic activity has decreased again.
GeoNet reports: "This afternoon (8 Oct) from about 3.05 pm until 3.20 pm there was a period of strong seismicity, which was accompanied by acoustic signals and a minor steam and mud eruption. This generated a steam plume which might have been seen from the mainland. Because these small eruptions have become more frequent the Aviation Colour Code has been raised from Green to Yellow but the Volcanic Alert Level remains at 1."
"Volcanic tremor levels have been elevated since about 24 September, but are at lower levels than those during eruptive activity during the January to April period this year."
Update: October 9, 2013:Shutdown worsens historic blizzard that killed tens of thousands of South Dakota cattle October 10, 2013 – SOUTH DAKOTA – Like in a scene from an apocalyptic parable, dark carcasses of cows and steers lie motionless in silent clusters across swaths of South Dakota. An early blizzard caught ranchers off guard this week in the state, killing as many as 20,000 head of cattle, a state official says. But ranchers say they are the real victims. The storm left many of them in ruins, and now Washington is leaving them out in the cold. “With the government shutdown and no farm bill in place, we need South Dakotans to help their neighbors,” Gov. Dennis Daugaard said. This year’s federal farm legislation got hung up in Congress before the shutdown. There’s no money to help the ranchers, and Daugaard is asking for donations. South Dakota’s civil air patrol did flyovers to take pictures of whole herds that keeled over together, dotting the gaping, snow-covered flatlands with big, black blotches. Ranchers who thought they were doing the right thing were blindsided, said state veterinarian Dustin Oedekoven. Now they are dazed by their losses. “The smart thing to do this time of year is to have cows and calf off to pasture,” he said. “Then the storm blew in. We’ve never seen anything quite like this.” Oedekoven says he may never know the total number of livestock killed. South Dakota has asked ranchers to make lists of the animals they lost to help with the tally. “It will be two weeks to a month before we have a better idea of the impact,” Oedekoven said. Only 2,000 have been confirmed dead so far, but crews are out removing more dead cattle blocking roads, where they fell over in their tracks. The state has told drivers to watch out. “Motorists must be aware that livestock carcasses or stray livestock may be present on or along the roadways at any time,” the emergency management agency said in a statement. Herds of livestock still alive are wandering aimlessly far from home. “We have misplaced cattle everywhere,” Oedekoven said. “The storm blew them 10 miles or more from where they are normally pastured.” The blizzard didn’t necessarily dole out fate justly, rewarding the prudent and punishing the lax, he said. “Some people were very well prepared and lost 50% of their herd. Some were not prepared and took no losses. There was no rhyme or reason to it. Some ranchers lost everything.” -
Update: October 8 , 2013: Indonesia’s Mount Tangkuban Perahu volcano shaken by three eruptions: alert level raised INDONESIA – Indonesia’s volcanology center issued an alert for Mount Tangkuban Perahu as the volcano rumbled to life on Saturday, erupting three times and triggering minor earthquakes in Lembang subdistrict over the weekend. The Center for Volcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation (PVMBG) raised the status of the volcano from normal — the lowest level — to waspada (alert) on Saturday morning. The agency’s four warning levels run from normal to awas (danger) with waspada as the first warning above normal. Volcanologists said they would keep an eye on the volcano as the tremors continued. “We’ll kept watching out for quake signals from under the crater before we decide if we should raise the alert level further,” PVMBG official Gede Suandika told Indonesian news portal tribunnews.com on Monday. People were banned from a 1.5-radius around the volcano’s crater — a regular tourist draw in Lembang subdistrict. The PVMBG has not recommended an evacuation. “Residents around Mount Tangkuban Perahu are urged to stay calm and keep doing their activities as usual and not be provoked by issues related to Mount Tangkuban Perahu’s eruptions,” the PVMBG said on its website, adding ” but they are also expected to keep paying attention to developments on [the volcano's] activities listed by the local BPBD [Disaster Mitigation Agency] and follow its instructions.” The volcano, which lies on the outskirts of Bandung, West Java, last erupted in March, but the activity was minor. Tourists were banned from the crater and vendors were told to move.
Update: October 7 , 2013:A series of 6 moderatly strong earthquakes ripple through Mexico MEXICO CITY: A series of at least six earthquakes — two reaching at least 5.0- magnitude — struck Sunday in the Mexican state of Guerrero, which is still reeling from deadly tropical storms last month.
The epicenter of the strongest quake — 5.21-magnitude, at 9.27 local time (1527 GMT), according to the National Seismological Service — was located in the mountainous area where a September 16 mudslide buried a whole town.
“We are monitoring the areas affected by the recent rains because the soil is moist and that can generate problems” from the trembling, said Jose Luis Serna, civil protection director of the town nearest the epicenter, Coyuca de Benitez.
“But so far, we have no news,” he said.
The quakes were also felt with moderate intensity in the resort town of Acapulco, which is recovering from the massive flooding brought on when storms Ingrid and Manuel swept across the country in mid-September.
Authorities recommended moving “away from risk areas, such as slopes and where there are cracks in the ground,” Guerrero governor Angel Aguirre said in his Twitter account.
Tourists in Acapulco were evacuated from hotels to the Costera Miguel Aleman, the port town’s main tourist road.
All six quakes were recorded between 9am local time (1500 GMT) and 10.36am (1636 GMT), and so far no damage has been reported in Guerrero state. — AFP
Update: October 7 , 2013:New Eruption at MT. Klyuchevskoy volcano (Kamchatka) The eruption continues with spectacular lava flows on the flanks of the steep cone, strombolian activity and ash emissions from the summit vent. Some great photos have been submitted into our image pool. Here's a time-lapse video of today's activity:
Time-lapse video of Klyuchevskoy volcano with strombolian explosions at the summit, ash emissions, and lava flows on its flank in Oct 2013
Update: October 6 , 2013: U.S. seismologist calls for national early warning system for earthquakes CALIFORNIA – An eminent U.S. seismologist is urging the installation of a national early warning system to alert people to an impending earthquake. Richard Allen, director of the University of California, Berkeley’s Seismology Laboratory and professor of Earth and planetary sciences, writing a Comment piece in the journal Nature, has taken politicians and public officials to task for not putting an early warning system in place before the next major quake occurs. Recent decades have seen dramatic improvement in the technology to detect quakes, he said, largely led by Japan, as proven by the advance warning people there received about the deadly earthquake that struck in 2011. With the advance notice trains were stopped, chemical plants shut down and people were able to take cover, Allen said. While California, Oregon and Washington have initiated programs to create early warning systems for parts of their areas, that’s not enough, Allen wrote; there should be an expansion of such systems to cover the entire United States, particularly areas most at risk. It’s not a matter of whether a major quake will strike, it’s when, Allen said, and if people have prior warning — the amount of which would depend on how far they are from the epicenter — then lives could be saved and property damage minimized.
Update: October 5 , 2013:Mysterious earthquake swarm damages many villages in Galati, Eastern Romania For a couple of weeks, an unusual earthquake swarm is going on in Eastern Romania, close to Moldovia border. Galati is the province where the earthquakes are happening.
The Galati area experienced dozens of earthquakes up to a Magnitude of 3.8 (last one just before writing this article). The quakes have an extremely shallow depth, have a relatively high shaking intensity and are causing a lot of damage in the villages near the epicenter areas (the epicenters have to be situated in an area of many kms and not in one location).
Some people are not waiting for more earthquakes and left their houses due do the damage, fearing a collapse if further quakes would strike.
Galati is a region with relatively low seismic activity and earthquake swarms like the current events are only known from the newspapers in other regions / countries (ER could trace some unconfirmed reports that a number of earthquakes occurred in March 1894!).
Update : Due to the totally different hypocenter depth of the Vrancea and the Galati earthquakes, a direct relation in between bot events can almost certainly be excluded. Science will have to do a lot of research to look into the details of what happened (faults, wave distribution, focal mechanism, etc etc)
Update : The reason that this earthquake (still moderate in Magnitude terms) was felt in a so wide area (many countries) is that the earthquake waves are radiating from deep in the earth (hot solid part of the mantle). The wave bundle is far bigger when it arrives at the surface than with shallow earthquakes
Update : based on earlier similar earthquakes (they happen every few months / years) we think that the deep Romania earthquakes have a (unproved) relation with massive earthquakes in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
A strong quake occurred in Vrancea region in intermediate depth. According to Romanian authorities, the quake had Magnitude 5.5. It was felt in Bucharest and other parts of eastern Romania, furthermore in Moldowia (Chisinau), Northern Bulgaria and southwestern Ukraine (Odessa).
Update: October 3 , 2013:Tropical Storm Karen forms between Cuba, Mexico (CNN) -- A hurricane watch is in effect for parts of the U.S. Gulf Coast after Tropical Storm Karen formed in the southeastern portion of the Gulf of Mexico, the National Hurricane Center said Thursday.
Track the storm here The watch covers the area from Grand Isle, Louisiana, to west of Destin, Florida. The center of the storm is forecast to be near the coast within that area Saturday.
A tropical storm warning is in effect from Grand Isle to the mouth of the Pearl River.
"Karen is expected to be at or near hurricane strength late Friday and early Saturday," read a hurricane center advisory.
Shutdown won't impact storm response
The storm, which as of Thursday afternoon was about 400 miles south of the Mississippi River's mouth, prompted the Federal Emergency Management Agency to recall some of its workers, furloughed during the government shutdown, and to reactivate its Hurricane Liaison Team at the National Hurricane Center in Miami. FEMA officials in the Atlanta and Denton, Texas, offices are monitoring Karen.
"At all times, FEMA maintains commodities, including millions of liters of water, millions of meals and hundreds of thousands of blankets, strategically located at distribution centers throughout the United States, including in the Gulf Coast region, that are available to state and local partners if needed and requested," the agency said in a statement.
The hurricane center said it, too, would be unaffected by the government shutdown as Karen approaches.
Update: October 2 , 2013:Pakistan’s death toll rises to 824 from the aftermath of the double earthquakes last week The death toll from two powerful earthquakes that devastated an impoverished region of Balochistan has climbed to 825, National Disaster Management Authority said on Tuesday.
More than 30 villages, containing some 20,000 homes, were flattened across 15,400 square miles of the remote Balochistan region.
Dozens of bodies are being recovered every day from mud homes whose walls and beams have been reduced to dust and rubble.
Conditions are desperate among the survivors and many are going without food, water and shelter, having lost everything in the quake.
So far, no relief camp has been established Mashkay, Gashgor and Malar areas where quack victims waiting for government help under open skies.
Baloch rebel militant group’s attacks on security forces disturbed rescue operation in quake-hit areas of restive province.
According to PDMA, rescue teams will be sent to the affected areas only after security clearance.
The quake is Pakistan s deadliest since the Kashmir tremor of 2005 which killed 73,000. The toll is expected to rise further as rescue teams dig through the rubble of countless flattened mud-brick homes.
Update: October 1 , 2013:A strong and deep Magnitude 6.7 quake strikes in the Sea of Okhotsk Event time: 2013-10-01 13:38:21 UTC+10:00 at epicenter
Location and depth: 53.173°N 152.766°E depth=578.2km (359.3mi)
The Kuril-Kamchatka arc extends approximately 2,100 km from Hokkaido, Japan, along the Kuril Islands and the Pacific coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula to its intersection with the Aleutian arc near the Commander Islands, Russia. It marks the region where the Pacific plate subducts into the mantle beneath the Okhotsk microplate, part of the larger North America plate. This subduction is responsible for the generation of the Kuril Islands chain, active volcanoes located along the entire arc, and the deep offshore Kuril-Kamchatka trench. Relative to a fixed North America plate, the Pacific plate is moving towards the northwest at a rate that increases from 75 mm/year near the northern end of the arc to 83 mm/year in the south.
September 2013 This month will be bigger than August for Mega Geo Events and some strange extreme weather.
Most frequently we will be experiencing earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and severe weather. September will also have it's share of weather anomalies including some extremes like the kind of freezing cold that is happenin in Peru to new tropical storms and hurricanes entering the Atlantic Basin And with the Grand Water Trine be especially prepared for flooding like in August that struck Russia The continuing seismic,volcanic activity along with severe weather will start building with the New Moon in Virgo on September 5th. @ 7:36 AM EDT
By the time we finally reach the Full Harvest Moon on September 19th. in Pisces exact @ 7:13 AM expect some major emergencies.
Current Quake, Volcano and Weather News:
September UPDATES - Quake, Volcano and Weather News for September 2013.
Update: September 30, 2013:Tropical storm Wutip lashes Vietnam's coast HANOI, Vietnam (AP) — Tropical storm Wutip lashed central Vietnam on Monday after sinking at least two Chinese fishing boats near the Paracel Islands, leaving 75 fishermen missing, officials said.
The storm uprooted trees, cut power lines and damaged more than 1,000 houses. There was no immediate word of injuries, flooding or major structural damage.
Vietnam's national weather center said Wutip had weakened from a typhoon to a tropical storm by the time it made landfall. It was packing sustained winds of 117 kilometers (73 miles) per hour, it said.
Officials evacuated tens of thousands of people from the storm's path over the previous day.
Schools in five central provinces closed and the coast guard told 61,000 fishing boats with 303,000 crew members to take shelter.
By nightfall, Wutip had blown the roofs off of more than 1,000 houses in one district alone, local government official Pham Huu Thao said. TV footage showed uprooted trees and deserted city streets in central towns close to the storm's center.
Wutip sank at least two Chinese fishing ships as it neared the coast near the Paracel Islands, leaving 75 fishermen missing, according to the website of the Hainan government in south China. Two vessels sank Sunday and contact with a third has been lost, it said.
Wutip was the strongest typhoon to gather off Vietnam this season. The most powerful Asian storm this year was Typhoon Usagi, which caused at least 33 deaths in the Philippines and China earlier in September.
Update: September 30, 2013:Strong harmless earthquake with magnitude 6.5 in the Kermadec Islands region – NO Tsunami advisory for the Pacific Very strong earthquake in one of the most tectonically active places of the earth, the Kermadec Islands.
Even massive earthquakes along the Kermadec Islands subduction zone are not an imortant treath to populated islands which are so distant from the islands that only a mega-thrust earthquake can generate enough energy to reach them.
Strong currents are at the other hand always a possibility in countries like ie New Zealand and Tonga
THIS BULLETIN APPLIES TO AREAS WITHIN AND BORDERING THE PACIFIC OCEAN AND ADJACENT SEAS
NO DESTRUCTIVE WIDESPREAD TSUNAMI THREAT EXISTS BASED ON HISTORICAL EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI DATA.
HOWEVER – EARTHQUAKES OF THIS SIZE SOMETIMES GENERATE LOCAL TSUNAMIS THAT CAN BE DESTRUCTIVE ALONG COASTS LOCATED WITHIN A HUNDRED KILOMETERS OF THE EARTHQUAKE EPICENTER. AUTHORITIES IN THE REGION OF THE EPICENTER SHOULD BE AWARE OF THIS POSSIBILITY AND TAKE APPROPRIATE ACTION. ER remark : The New Zealand volunteers working on the Kermadec Islands are fully aware and protected against tsunami risks and these are the only people who might live within a radius of 100 km.
Update: September 28, 2013: Typhoon of moisture headed to Ore., Wash. bringing unusually heavy rains. The calendar still says September. However, a November-like barrage of powerful storms is taking aim on the Pacific Northwest this weekend.
Numerous cities already got socked on Saturday as an initial round of heavy rainfall and high winds pummeled Washington, Oregon, northern Idaho and northwest Montana.
At least three cities broke all-time September calendar-day rainfall records on Saturday:
Seattle-Tacoma Airport: 1.71 inches (previous record 1.65 inches set Sept. 22, 1978 and Sept. 30, 1953)
Olympia, Wash. Airport: 2.93 inches (previous record 1.67 inches set Sept. 17, 2010)
Astoria, Ore.: 3.16 inches (previous record 2.67 inches set Sept. 16, 1997)
Gusty winds produced numerous broken tree branches, downed power lines, and traffic control lights throughout the downtown Portland area on Saturday night. Over 25,000 customers were without power Saturday evening, according to PGE. Sustained winds of 50 to 60 mph have been reported throughout the region, and 70 to 75 mph gusts have been observed in Garibaldi, Ore.
Update: September 29, 2013:New volcanic eruption reported off the coast of Lazio Italy It would seem a new volcanic vent has formed and is ejecting gas and sand about 100 meters off the coast of Fiumicino, west of Rome: the phenomenon has started less than 24 hours ago and the mayor Outside Montino, along with his staff and experts from the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology are headed to the scene to the foothills. At the moment in fact there is no news about the possible links that you have between this event and the past, showing the opening of many volcanoes in two Viale Coccia di Morto. On August 27, a volcanic vent opened up near Fiumicino, ejecting steam and gas- these two events could to be related and may suggest the geology under Italy is in the midst of massive changes. There are dozens of active, and very restless volcanoes sitting on the sea floor of the Tyrrhenian Sea.
PORTLAND, Ore. (KOIN) – A storm system is expected to bring unusual heavy September rains to Southwest Washington and Northwest Oregon this weekend.
According to a special weather statement Friday from the National Weather Service, the region could see record rainfall beginning today and running through Monday. The South Washington Coast and Oregon Cascades will likely see five inches, while the Willamette Valley could see anywhere from 3.5 to 4.5 inches.
The National Weather Service said Saturday’s storm will contain tropical moisture from a former western Pacific typhoon, Typhoon Pabuk, which brushed by Japan’s east coast earlier this week. The second storm on Sunday may even be stronger, with heavy rain between Southwest Washington and Northwest Oregon through Sunday night.
Rainfall estimates along the coast range and Cascades through Monday is between 7 and 10 inches. This much rain will lead to debris flows and landslides in steeper terrain. That may include the Columbia River Gorge, the west hills of Portland and the foothills of the Cascades.
“Portland will experience deteriorating weather conditions today as a potent autumn storm moves in,” KOIN Meteorologist Riley O’Connor said. “Rain will begin on Friday and will intensify Saturday and Sunday.”
Wind gusts are expected hit 60 miles per hour along the coast Saturday, and 45 mph in higher elevations along the coast range. Inland area could get gusts up to 40 mph Saturday night.
The NWS warns that the winds and rain could topple trees and bring down power lines. Clogged drains and culverts could cause localized flooding, while small creeks and streams could overflow.
“Two to four inches of rain can be expected in the Portland metro area with winds gusting near 40 mph,” O’Connor said. “Localized flooding is possible.
Update: September 28, 2013: 6.8 tremor hits Pakistan's Balochistan days after first quake killed hundreds At least 15 people have reportedly been killed as a second powerful earthquake has struck Balochistan in southwestern Pakistan, the region where another deadly quake claimed over 500 lives earlier this week.
Over 50 people were reportedly injured on Saturday.
The new, 6.8-magnitude tremor struck 96 kilometers (59 miles) northeast of the Awaran district at 0734 GMT on Saturday, at a depth of 14 kilometers, the US Geological Survey reported.
The local meteorological office recorded the intensity of the earthquake at 7.2 on the Richter scale and said the epicenter of the quake was 150 kilometers southwest of the town of Khuzdar, which is home to over 500,000 people.
"It was not an aftershock, it was an independent earthquake," Zahid Rafi, director of the National Seismic Center of Pakistan, told Geo TV.
However, Pakistan’s chief meteorologist, Arif Mahmood, told a local TV station that the tremor was an aftershock from Tuesday’s earthquake and could be followed by further tremors for weeks to come.
Tremors have been felt as far away as the Indian capital, New Delhi, NDTV reports.
Over 300,000 people were affected by Tuesday’s 7.7 magnitude quake, as over 20,000 houses in the region were destroyed.
Babar Yaqoob, chief secretary of Balochistan, said Friday that 515 people have been confirmed dead and dozens of bodies are being recovered every day.
Balochistan is a remote region in the country's southwest which covers 15,400 square miles - an area almost double the size of New Jersey.
Update: September 26, 2013:Nicaragua’s Telica volcano shaken by violent explosion and eruption September 26, 2013 – NICARAUGA - A volcano in Nicaragua has erupted with a mighty blast and a column of ash, then settled down again, the government said. No one was hurt but villagers near the Telica volcano in the northwest of the Central American nation were told to remain on alert. The mountain is about 1000 meters tall. The morning blast spewed ash 50 meters into the air, said Guillermo Gonzalez of the National System for Preventing and Mitigating Disasters. After the single blast, civil defense staff remained on site to gather information. Villagers were put on alert and told to protect their water and food sources. The volcano last erupted in 2011.
Update 17:28 UTC : USGS has again changed the preliminary values and is reporting now a Magnitude of M7.0 at a depth of 45 km. GDACS has used these values to calculate possible Tsunami scenarios. Maximum wave height will be 1.2 meter (see list below). The tsunami risk has ended while writing this update.
Mud houses in the mountains crumbled as a 7.7-magnitude earthquake shook western Pakistan early on Tuesday. Meanwhile, on the coast, residents of Gwadar saw a solitary island rise from the sea.
Older residents of the coastal town said the land emergence was déjà vu — an earthquake in 1968 produced an island that stayed for one year and then vanished, Ali Mohammad, 60, and Azeem Baloch, 57, told NBC News.
Seismologists suspect the island is a temporary formation resulting from a "mud volcano," a jet of mud, sand and water that gushed to the surface as the temblor churned and pressurized that slurry under the ocean floor.
"Sandy layers underground are shaken, and sand grains jiggle and become more compact," John Armbruster, a seismologist at the Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University told NBC News. The shifting sand layers are compacted and pressurize the water, which gushed upwards, carrying mud and sand along with it.
This "liquefaction" of sand and mud layers take place after any earthquake, but these sudden islands are usually spotted after strong earthquakes, at least 7- or 8-magnitude events. The distance of the island from the epicenter of the quake is "a little bit surprising," Armbruster said, granted that "the sediments are quite soft and susceptible to this."
Back in the 1940s, a sizable island rose from the sea in the area, but it didn't last long. After an earthquake near Karachi struck, the British Indian Geological survey recorded a new island "big enough that people could land a boat and walk on it," Armbruster said. "Within days, weeks" — he wasn't sure how long — "it washed away."
Researchers at the United States Geological Survey are investigating the new formation, Paul Earle, a USGS geophysicist told NBC News, but have yet to get independent confirmation of it.
It is clear that "the islands are not created because the ground was ... pushed up by the earthquake," he said, but more likely it was a secondary effect of shifting sediments. He also agrees the formation appears to have been caused by a mud volcano, but added that they don't need an earthquake to set them off. There are "mud volcanoes in Yellowstone that have not been triggered by earthquakes," he said.
Update: September 25, 2013:Torrential rains and floods claim 45 lives in Thailand and Vietnam Floods triggered by heavy rains claimed at least nine lives in Thailand this month and affected up to 1.5mn people, officials said yesterday.
Flooding was reported in 23 of the kingdom’s 77 provinces, the Disaster Prevention and Relief Department said.
Nine people have drowned over the past week in the north-eastern provinces of Surin and Sisakhet, it said.
The meteorological department has forecast heavy rains for the remainder of the month, especially in the northern provinces.
“The overall picture in the north-east has improved,” said Deputy Prime Minister Plodprasop Suraswadi, who is in charge of water management.
He warned people living on the banks of the Chao Phraya River to expect some flooding as authorities were pumping water into the main waterway to reduce flooding in the central plains.
Authorities said the country is not in danger of being inundated by another massive flood, similar to the 2011 disaster.
Much of the central plains and parts of Bangkok were flooded two years ago, forcing six large industrial estates and hundreds of factories to close for several months.
The 2011 floods left 813 dead and caused an estimated 1.4tn baht ($45.2bn) in damages, according to World Bank estimates.
Heavy monsoon rains exacerbated by Typhoon Usagi have pounded parts of Vietnam and Cambodia killing at least 36 people, authorities said yesterday, with many swept to their deaths in floods. Despite not being directly hit by Usagi—the world’s most powerful storm this year—parts of Southeast Asia have seen a worsening of their annual rainy season as the typhoon barrelled through the Philippines and China in recent days.
Central and southern Vietnam have been hit by bad weather since early last week, inundating fields and villages, with 24 dead and six missing, according to a 10-day update from the country’s flood and storm control department.
In Cambodia, officials said low pressure from the typhoon caused heavy rains, swelling the Mekong river with floods sweeping across several provinces.
At least 12 people, including six children under six years old, have died in the deluge, said Keo Vy of the National Disaster Management Committee.
Typhoon Usagi killed at least two people in the Philippines and some 25 people in southern China as it swept across the region over the weekend. Strong winds and torrential rain lashed the Chinese coast after making landfall in Guangdong province northeast of Hong Kong on Sunday evening. As the typhoon bore down on Hong Kong, operators shut down one of the world’s busiest sea ports and nearly 450 flights were either cancelled or delayed on Sunday.
At least 18 further deaths have been reported in the Philippines in monsoon rains worsened by the typhoon, which also unleashed landslides and power outages across southern Taiwan at the weekend as it ploughed through the Luzon Strait with ferocious winds and heavy downpours.
Update: September 24, 2013:Powerful 7.7 magnitude earthquake and aftershocks strike southern Pakistan with multiple deaths and casualties Thirty-two people were killed and dozens injured when a major 7.7-magnitude earthquake hit southwestern Pakistan on Tuesday, with most damage and casualties reported near the epicentre in Balochistan.
Thirty-two people were killed and houses and shops damaged in Awaran area of Khuzdar district in Balochistan province, TV news channels reported.
Two bodies were pulled from the debris of a collapsed building. Dozens of injured were taken to hospital, media reports said.
Houses and shops have collapsed and the casualties could increase. An emergency has been declared in Awaran and some other parts of Balochistan,” local administration official Ghulam Baloch said from Khuzdar.
Houses were also damaged in Pasni and Windar but details were awaited from these areas, Baloch said.
The army despatched over 200 troops, rescue and medical teams and a helicopter to the worst-hit areas. Balochistan Chief Minister Abdul Malik too said an emergency had been declared in Awaran, seven to eight hours’ drive from Quetta, the provincial capital.
Both US Geological Survey (USGS) and Pakistan’s meteorological office gave the magnitude as 7.7 on the Richter Scale. USGS said three aftershocks measuring between 5 and 5.9 were recorded after the quake.
Update: September 24, 2013:Yellowstone rattled by three ‘unusual’ earthquake swarms September 24, 2013 – JACKSON, Wyo. — Until recently, Bob Smith had never witnessed two simultaneous earthquake swarms in his 53 years of monitoring seismic activity in and around the Yellowstone Caldera. Now, Smith, a University of Utah geophysics professor, has seen three swarms at once. “It’s very remarkable,” Smith said. “How does one swarm relate to another? Can one swarm trigger another and vice versa?” Because concurrent swarms have never been detected in the past, the answers aren’t in yet, Smith said. The geophysicist said he “wouldn’t doubt” if at least two of the events were related. Temblors from the three quake swarms mostly hit in three areas: Lewis Lake, the Lower Geyser Basin and the northwest part of Norris Geyser Basin. The largest earthquake shook the ground near Old Faithful Geyser on Sept. 15. The epicenter of the magnitude 3.6 quake, the largest in Yellowstone in about a year, was just 6 miles to the north of Old Faithful. “Generally speaking it needs to be 3.0 or higher for individuals to feel it,” Yellowstone National Park spokesman Al Nash said. Yellowstone’s recent earthquake swarms started on Sept. 10 and were shaking until about 11:30 a.m. Sept. 16. “A total of 130 earthquakes of magnitude 0.6 to 3.6 have occurred in these three areas, however, most have occurred in the Lower Geyser Basin,” a University of Utah statement said.
“Notably much of seismicity in Yellowstone occurs as swarms.” Including smaller events that have not been verified, there were many more quakes, Smith said. The recent swarms produced roughly four quakes that were large enough to feel. The first, a magnitude 3.5, struck Sept. 13 about 17 miles northeast of West Yellowstone, Mont. Then, in the early hours Sept. 15, two quakes, a magnitude 3.2 and magnitude 3.4, were detected in quick succession at 5:10 and 5:11 a.m., about 15 miles southeast of West Yellowstone. The magnitude 3.6 that marked the peak of the swarm struck nearby about 4 1/2 hours later. “They weren’t big earthquakes,” Smith said, “but they were felt.” About half a dozen earthquakes are felt in Yellowstone in an average year, he said. “This is pretty unusual, to be honest,” Smith said. None of the recent quakes, Nash said, were strong enough to cause damage or throw off the cycle of the Old Faithful geyser’s eruptions. “We know that a significant enough earthquake in the region has potential to alter geyser activity,” the spokesman said. “A strong enough earthquake, like the one that occurred out at Hebgen Lake in 1959, did change the interval of Old Faithful eruptions.” That quake, a 7.3 to 7.5 on the Richter magnitude scale, caused nearly 300 features on the Yellowstone landscape to erupt, 160 of which had no previous record of geysers. Smith traced the three recent earthquake swarms to the Hebgen Lake quake. “We think that much of the seismicity is still aftershocks from that event in 1959. It can go on for hundreds of years.
Update: September 24, 2013:Worst watershed stresses may become the new normal eptember 24, 2013 – ARIZONA - Nearly one in 10 U.S. watersheds is “stressed,” with demand for water exceeding natural supply, according to a new analysis of surface water in the United States. What’s more, the lowest water flow seasons of recent years-times of great stress on rivers, streams, and sectors that use their waters-are likely to become typical as climates continue to warm. “By midcentury, we expect to see less reliable surface water supplies in several regions of the United States,” said the study’s lead author, Kristen Averyt, associate director for science at the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES) at the University of Colorado Boulder. “This is likely to create growing challenges for agriculture, electrical suppliers and municipalities, as there may be more demand for water and less to go around.” Averyt and her colleagues evaluated supplies and demands on freshwater resources for each of the 2,103 watersheds in the continental United States, using a large suite of existing data sets. They identified times of extreme water stress between 1999 and 2007, and they estimated future surface water stress-using existing climate projections-for every watershed. In the paper, published online in Environmental Research Letters on Sept. 17, the authors also diagnosed the reasons contributing to stress.
Update: September 23, 2013:Oregonians warned to prepare for ‘big one’ – roads cut off for 5 years, no electricity for 3 months, no gas for 6 months OREGON – Sitting on a major fault line, Oregon is “like an eight-and-a-half-month pregnancy, due any time now” for a major earthquake, a geologist with the Oregon Office of Emergency Management told an overflow crowd Friday in Medford. “We’re in the zone, and we’d darn well better get ourselves ready for it,” said Althea Rizzo, geology hazard coordinator for OEM. “A lot of you may have moved here from California to escape them, but the fact is, Oregon is earthquake country.” About half the hands went up when Rizzo asked how many had been through a California earthquake. Rizzo said there’s a 37 percent chance the Big One will happen in the next 50 years. A major earthquake would cripple transportation on Interstate 5 as bridges and overpasses collapse from two to four minutes of ground shaking, possible very severe, with stressful aftershocks for weeks. “It’s going to shake here,” she said. “Single-family homes will bounce off their foundations. Landslides will cause transportation between I-5 and (Highway) 101 on the coast to be cut off for three to five years.” A big quake will cause liquefaction, in which the ground, if saturated with water, will “turn to pudding,” causing hardware, such as sewer systems, septic lines and gas tanks, to rise up out of the earth. Lines from Washington state gasoline refineries cross 15 rivers, leaving them vulnerable to quake tremors, she says. Most of these were built in the mid-20th century, with no thought to making them quake-resistant, she says, adding that they would be offline for at least six months. Electrical power would be down from one to three months until transformers and the electrical grid get going again, she says.
Update: September 22, 2013:25 dead as Typhoon Usagi hits southern China At least 25 people were killed as the year's most powerful typhoon crashed into Hong Kong and southern China on Sunday evening, canceling hundreds of flights, crippling power lines, and causing significant flooding.
The harshest storm to reach the Western Pacific this year, Typhoon Usagi hit Hong Kong on Sunday, canceling more than 370 flights and shutting down one of the world's busiest sea ports.
A No. 8 signal warning, the third highest on a five-point scale, remained on Monday morning, forcing financial markets to stay closed for the first part of the day. Authorities said they might lower the warning signal before 10:00 am local time (01:00 GMT).
Update: September 20, 2013:Super Typhoon Usagi Threatens Taiwan, Northern Philippines, Hong Kong Super Typhoon Usagi, the equivalent of a Category 5 Atlantic hurricane, intensified rapidly Thursday in the western Pacific Ocean and will threaten parts of Taiwan, the far northern Philippines and southern China through the next several days. A tropical cyclone is dubbed a "super typhoon" when maximum sustained winds reach at least 150 mph. Usagi underwent a period of rapid intensification from early Wednesday through midday Thursday (U.S. Eastern time), going from a 55-knot tropical storm to a 140-knot super typhoon in just 33 hours, or just under a 100 mph intensification, based on satellite estimates of intensity.
Update: September 20, 2013:Airlines told to avoid flights near erupting Indonesian volcano- unrest reported at another Japanese volcano More than 15,000 residents have fled a volcano that rumbled to life less than a week ago in Indonesia and local airlines have been warned to avoid flying near the mountain as thick ash continues to spew from its crater, an official said.
The aviation warning was issued for small planes serving short-haul flights in the region as small eruptions continue at Mount Sinabung, said Susanto, general manager for air navigation at Kuala Namu airport in North Sumatra's capital Medan. Like many Indonesians, he uses only one name.
Data from the local emergency task force showed the number of people evacuated has doubled to more than 15,000 after many residents outside the 3-kilometer danger area abandoned their houses.
The 2,600-metre (8,530-foot) volcano first erupted Sunday (Sept. 15th.) after being dormant for three years.
Update: September 20, 2013: 68 believed buried in Mexico mudslide: death toll rises, as country pummeled by back-to-back storms
Update: September 19, 2013:5.3 magnitude earthquake near Fukushima nuclear plant An earthquake measuring 5.3 on the Richter scale has been recorded near the crippled Fukushima nuclear plant. There are no reports of damage to destroyed facilities and no spike in radiation levels in the area.
The earthquake took place at 17:25 GMT, according to United States Geological Service (USGS) which measured the quake at 5.3. The Japan Meteorological Agency, however, put the quake at magnitude 5.8. The tremors were felt in 17 prefectures around Japan causing buildings to shake in the capital Tokyo, 175 kilometers away, an Agence France Presse reporter in the Japanese capital said.
Update: September 17, 2013:Heavy torrential rains kill 2 in southern Ukraine UKRAINE – Two people were killed after heavy rains hit southern Ukraine’s Odessa region over the weekend, a local official said Monday, APA reports quoting Xinhua. The ensuing floods drowned some 4,000 farm animals and poultry, and destroyed or severely damaged more than 450 houses, causing an estimated loss of 21 million U.S. dollars, an official of the press service of Odessa regional administration told Xinhua. Around 600 residents have been evacuated in central Odessa, the worst-hit region.
Update: September 17, 2013: Rain apocalypse slams Mexico: Rare twin storms leave 34 dead MEXICO – Authorities scrambled to rescue people stranded in flooded homes in Mexico’s resort of Acapulco Monday after twin storms slammed opposite coasts in a rare one-two punch that has killed 34 people. Hurricane Ingrid weakened to tropical storm strength as it made landfall on the northeastern coast in the morning while the Pacific coast reeled from the remnants of Tropical Storm Manuel, which dissipated after striking on Sunday. Thousands of people were evacuated as the two storms set off landslides and floods that damaged bridges, roads and homes. The last time the country was hit by two tropical storms in the span of 24 hours was in 1958, officials said. Never before has it been struck by a hurricane and another storm at the same time. “More than two-thirds of the national territory has been affected,” Interior Minister Miguel Angel Osorio Chong told a news conference. At least 12 people died when a landslide hit a bus and workers removing earth that had previously fallen on a road in the eastern state of Veracruz, a civil protection official said after federal officials reported 22 deaths elsewhere. At least 15 people have died in the southwestern state of Guerrero where Acapulco is situated, said national civil protection Chief Luis Felipe Puente. Six more people died in the central states of Hidalgo and Puebla and one in the southern state of Oaxaca. Guerrero state officials reported six deaths in a road accident, but Puente did not include them in his account. Around 50 towns were affected in Guerrero, with some 238,000 people seeing various levels of damage to their homes, Puente said, adding that dozens of shelters had opened for some 20,000 people. The highway linking Acapulco to Mexico City was closed due to landslides while the resort’s airport was shut down, with some 100 people stranded on the terminal’s second floor. Authorities hoped to reopen both later Monday.
Update: September 17, 2013:18 stranded in New Mexico town amid flooding (CNN) -- Eighteen people are stranded in the town of Mogollon, New Mexico, after the only road in and out of town was washed away, according to a spokesman for New Mexico Gov. Susana Martinez.
New Mexico declared a statewide disaster Friday because of flooding. The torrential downpours and severe flooding that hit the state left one person dead.
Mogollon is a former mining town in the southwestern part of the state.
The National Guard will be providing food, water and sanitary supplies Tuesday and a bulldozer will scrape the road to provide access to the village, said the spokesman, Enrique Knell.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency is expected to assist. No air evacuations are expected at this time.
Update: September 16, 2013:Scotland experiences four seasons in a day: lashed by 100 mph wind gusts September 16, 2013 – SCOTLAND - Scotland experienced all four seasons in one day yesterday, as the first storm of autumn swept across the country, bringing chaos to the country’s roads. Torrential rain, accompanied by gale-force winds, gave way to sunny periods, before the wet weather returned. The Cairngorms were hit by gusts of 100 mph, with snow anticipated last night, and the Forth Road Bridge was closed to high-sided vehicles after wind speeds of 69 mph were recorded. However, not everyone was bemoaning the gales. The weather was perfect for Scottish Windfest, at Barassie Beach in Troon, where windsurfers and kitesurfers were competing. Last night, the Met Office issued a blanket “yellow” warning, forecasting blustery winds continuing into today. They said high-altitude jetstream winds from the Atlantic pushing 200 mph – almost twice the usual – triggered the storm. It brought torrential rain yesterday morning, which flooded Nitshill Road and Thornliebank Road, in the south of Glasgow, with motorists in Dumfries suffering the worst driving conditions in the country with heavy spray on main roads.
Update: September 15, 2013:Sinabung volcano (Sumatra) - new eruption forces more than 3000 people to evacuate homes A new and seemingly more or less unexpected eruption occurred over night at Sumatra's Sinabung volcano. The Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI) raised the volcanic alert level to 3 (out of 4).
Since its first historical eruption in September 2010, the volcano had been closely monitored, but the alert level had been reduced to 2 in October that year, after activity had subsided again
Update: September 14, 2013:Suspected death toll rises from Colorado floods as nearly 500 unaccounted for Boulder, Colorado (CNN) -- [Update 12:07 p.m.]
A sixth person is presumed dead in the flooding that consumed part of Colorado, authorities said Sunday.
Previously, four deaths were blamed on the flooding and a fifth person was presumed dead.Boulder, Colorado (CNN) -- [Update 12:07 p.m.]
A sixth person is presumed dead in the flooding that consumed part of Colorado, authorities said Sunday.
Previously, four deaths were blamed on the flooding and a fifth person was presumed dead.
Update: September 12, 2013: Colorado flood emergency: 3 killed, streets impassable, mass evacuations dam breached Boulder, Colo., is getting absolutely drenched — since last night (Sept. 11), an incredible 5 to 10 inches (13 to 25 centimeters) of rain have fallen in the city and its surrounding areas, and the deluge continues.
The downpour has caused flash floods throughout the Boulderarea and killed two people, according to news reports. Many roads throughout the area are impassible, and most businesses and schools throughout the region have closed.
Update: September 10, 2013: Southern Australia is being rattled by hundreds of quakes- and scientists aren’t sure why Scientists in Victoria are attempting to learn more about the increase in the number of earthquakes in the Gippsland region. Seismologists are describing the region as an earthquake hotspot. There were only 50 earthquakes recorded up until 2009, but since then there have been 700. The activity has been particularly high in the Strzelecki Ranges which lie between the Latrobe Valley and the Gippsland coastline. Locals have been intrigued by the tremors for years. Gary Gibson from the University of Melbourne says the motion in Gippsland is high. “There are other spots that are active for a period of time but they’re active for a geologically short period, maybe 100,000 years or something and they go quiet. And they’ve got no long term evidence of continued motion,” he said. “Whereas the motion in Gippsland here, the rate of earthquake activity we have at the moment is high. The geology suggests that the average over the last few million years is probably even higher.” There are eight seismographs planted in the ground along fault lines meters below the surface around Gippsland to monitor the tremors. They are so sensitive that they can record the vibrations of approaching footsteps. One of them is on Neville Cliff’s beef farm. “We’ve had some good earthquakes come through here. You can hear them coming. It’s like an express train coming and the house shakes,” he said. “How many farmers got a seismograph? People tell me how many cattle they’ve got and how many acres they’ve got and I say well have you got a seismograph?”
Update: September 9, 2013: Small Eruption at Lokon-Empung, Sulawesi, Indonesia An explosion at 6:30 am (local time) today at Lokon-Empung volcano produced an ash plume that rose to a height of 1.5 km. The explosion was heard 10 km away.
A newspaper stated that "The lava flow reached several northern area villages, namely Pineleng, Tanawangko and Tateli". This report is vague and there are no other reports of a 'lava flow'.
Update: September 8, 2013: Strong storm strikes Billings, Montana, leaves flooded, debris-filled streets
12:45 p.m.: A heavy storm that battered Billings with 1.31 inches of rain in just 45 minutes and wind gusts topping out at 73 mph on Saturday also cut power to thousands of people across town, some of whom remained in the dark on Sunday.
Claudia Rapkoch, NorthWestern Energy spokeswoman, said the storm caused power outages for more than 5,000 customers in the area, from the West End to the Heights to Lockwood.
Update: September 5, 2013: 6.0 magnitude earthquake strikes off the coast of Costa Rica September 5th, 2013 (InsideCostaRica.com) The United States Geological Service (USGS) recorded a magnitude 6.0 earthquake 44 km west of Sardinal, in Costa Rica’s Guanacaste province at 6:29 a.m. this morning. The USGS reports that the quake struck at a depth of 41.7km.
ICR has received reports of shaking in the popular tourist destination and beach community of Playas del Coco, described as three strong jolts over the course of about a minute.
Update: September 5, 2013: Sakurajima volcano (Japan): large explosion damages cars A moderately large vulcanian explosion occurred this morning, producing significant fallout of lapilli and small bombs in several kilometers distance. Cars parked at the Arimura Lava observatory observation point to the south of the volcano were damages and windshields broken, at a distance of about 4 km. There are no reports of injuries to people.
On the evening of Sept. 1, the Ubinas Volcano in Moquegua registered two small eruptions.
A third eruption occurred the following day (Sept.2), and now the volcano has errupted twice more, bringing the total to five eruptions in less than 48 hours. A number of news outlets have reported that the volcano’s sudden burst of activity has caused alarm in the area, which has been intensified by the appearance of a column of volcanic gases and ash that has reached a height of two kilometers. Now scientists have begun an investigation at the site to determine the exact cause of the eruptions.
Update: September 2, 2013: Two sharp earthquakes (a Magnitude 4.1 and 4.3) rattle East Texas TIMPSON, Texas (AP) — Two sharp earth tremors rattled a rural East Texas area on Monday, causing little damage but startling residents.
The U.S. Geological Survey recorded a 4.1 magnitude earthquake at 4:52 p.m. CDT Monday centered about 2 miles west-northwest of the town of Timpson. The town of about 1,200 residents about 150 miles east-southeast of Dallas and 60 miles southwest of Shreveport, La.
One hour and 59 minutes later, a second, more powerful quake struck in the same vicinity. It was measured at 4.3 magnitude.
Update: September 2, 2013: Peru snow state of emergency extended to more regions The Peruvian government has extended to nine more regions a state of emergency called to cope with unusually cold weather and heavy snowfall.
At least two people have died and 33,000 others have been affected by the cold spell, local officials say.
Tens of thousands of animals have frozen to death over the past week.
Update: September 2, 2013: Did a volcanic eruption induce the summer cooling spell? Throughout history, large volcanic eruptions have been known to influence climate.
This summer, the Midwest experienced a cold wave referred to as "Julytober" following the June eruption of Mount Sheveluch in Russia. Experts continue to compare this eruption to others from history and debate whether it could have induced the cooler Midwestern weather.
"Large Russian volcano eruptions tend to cool the Midwest," Historical Climatologist Evelyn Browning-Garriss said.
Update: September 1, 2013: 6.5-magnitude quake off eastern Indonesia: USGS The quake was also felt about 500 kilometres (300 miles) away in Darwin, Australia, where it set bookshelves shaking and moved furniture, the national AAP news agency reported.
August UPDATES - Quake, Volcano and Weather News for August 2013.